Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-2011 (ICPSR 36165)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Summary:

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN THE UNITED STATES, 1973-2011 provides annual data on prisoners under a sentence of death, as well as those who had their sentences commuted or vacated and prisoners who were executed. This study examines basic sociodemographic classifications including age, sex, race and ethnicity, marital status at time of imprisonment, level of education, and state and region of incarceration. Criminal history information includes prior felony convictions and prior convictions for criminal homicide and the legal status at the time of the capital offense. Additional information is provided on those inmates removed from death row by yearend 2011. The dataset consists of one part which contains 9,058 cases. The file provides information on inmates whose death sentences were removed in addition to information on those inmates who were executed. The file also gives information about inmates who received a second death sentence by yearend 2011 as well as inmates who were already on death row.

Series: Capital Punishment in the United States Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

Dataset
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Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-2011. ICPSR36165-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-06-10. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36165.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36165.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    capital punishment, commuted sentences, criminal histories, death row inmates, demographic characteristics, executions, felony offenses, prison inmates, sentencing, states (USA)

Smallest Geographic Unit:    state

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1973--2011

Date of Collection:   

  • 2011

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    All inmates on death row since 1973 in the United States.

Data Type(s):    event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

The inmate identification numbers were assigned by the Bureau of the Census and have no purpose outside this data collection.

Methodology

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Mode of Data Collection:    mail questionnaire, web-based survey

Data Source:

official prison records

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2015-06-10

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