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Incident-based, Case Processing, and Criminal History Information on Felony and Domestic Violence Defendants in Large Urban Counties in 2002 (ICPSR 34892)

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Summary:

This study provides incident-based, case processing, and criminal history data on defendants charged in state courts during May 2002. The State Court Processing Statistics Program tracked the processing of about 15,000 felony defendants charged in 40 of the 75 largest counties during May 2002. The BJS study entitled Processing of Domestic Violence Cases in State Courts collected additional incident-based and case processing data on more than 5,000 felony and misdemeanor domestic violence defendants in 16 of the 40 counties. The personal identifiers supplied by these courts were used to obtain criminal history records on the approximately 20,000 state court defendants. BJS converted the state-specific criminal history information into a research database with a uniform coding structure.

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access. (How to apply.)

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  FBI Criminal History - In-State Arrest Records
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  FBI Criminal History - Out-of-State Arrest Records
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No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  State Criminal History - Arrest Records
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No downloadable data files available.
DS4:  State Criminal History - Court Records
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No downloadable data files available.
DS5:  Domestic Violence Case Processing Records
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS6:  State Court Processing Statistics Records
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Incident-based, Case Processing, and Criminal History Information on Felony and Domestic Violence Defendants in Large Urban Counties in 2002. ICPSR34892-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research[distributor], 2013-12-11. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34892.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   case processing, court cases, criminal histories, defendants, disposition (legal), felons, felony courts, pretrial detention, pretrial release, sentencing, state courts, statistical data

Smallest Geographic Unit:   County

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 2002-05

Unit of Observation:   felony or domestic violence case

Universe:   Felony and domestic violence court cases filed during the month of May in 2002 in the 40 large counties in the United States.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Methodology

Sample:   The 15,358 defendants were selected through a systematic sample designed to represent the 36,974 defendants who had a felony case filed with these courts in May 2002. If a defendant was charged more than once during May 2002, he or she could appear in the sample multiple times. Each county was assigned to one of four stratum based on volume of court filings. Based on the stratum assigned to the county, the SCPS data on felony filings were collected for 5, 10, or 20 business days in May 2002. Data from counties that did not provide a full month of filings were weighted to represent the full month. This study includes cases from 40 counties in 18 states: Alabama (Jefferson); Arizona (Maricopa, Pima); California (Alameda, Contra Costa, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Mateo, Santa Clara); Florida (Broward, Dade, Palm Beach, Pinellas); Georgia (Fulton); Hawaii (Honolulu); Illinois (Cook); Indiana (Marion); Maryland (Baltimore, Montgomery); Michigan (Macomb, Wayne); New Jersey (Essex); New York (Bronx, Kings, Nassau, Westchester); Ohio (Franklin); Pennsylvania (Montgomery, Philadelphia); Tennessee (Shelby); Texas (Dallas, El Paso, Harris, Tarrant, Travis); Utah (Salt Lake City); Virginia (Fairfax). The data collected from the 2002 SCPS program were used as a starting point for a separate BJS study entitled Processing of Domestic Violence Cases in State Courts. State prosecutors and courts in 40 SCPS sites were asked to participate in a study examining how domestic violence (DV) cases are handled by the justice system. These counties were identified because they had participated in the 2002 SCPS data collection, which collected case processing information on a sample of felony cases filed in state courts. Of the counties asked to participate in the study on domestic violence case processing, prosecutors and courts in 16 counties agreed.

Data Source:

national, state, local agencies

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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