Mulvey, Edward P. Research on Pathways to Desistance [Maricopa County, AZ and Philadelphia County, PA]: Official Arrest Records, 2000-2010 [Restricted]. ICPSR34605-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-02-06. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34605.v2
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34605.v2
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Unit of Observation:
Youths 14-19 years of age from the juvenile and adult court systems in Maricopa County (Phoenix), Arizona, and Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania from November 2000 to April 2003.
administrative records data
Data Collection Notes:
More information about the Pathways series is available on the Pathways to Desistance Web site.
For information specifically concerning Official Arrest Records view its codebook page on the Pathways Web site.
Other contributors to the Pathways to Desistance study:
- Carol A. Schubert, University of Pittsburgh (Study Director)
- Laurie Chassin, Ph.D., Arizona State University (Co-Investigator)
- George P. Knight, Ph.D., Arizona State University (Co-Investigator)
- Sandra Losoya, Ph.D., Arizona State University (Site Coordinator)
- Laurence Steinberg, Ph.D., Temple University (Co-Investigator)
- Robert Brame, Ph.D., University of North Carolina-Charlotte
- Elizabeth Cauffman, Ph.D., University of California-Irvine (Co-Investigator)
- Jeffrey Fagan, Ph.D., Columbia University
- Alex Piquero, Ph.D., Florida State University
There are multiple ID variables in the dataset serving different purposes.
- LINEID: A variable to order the dataset and return the file to its original order.
- CASEID: The subject's assigned ID number used throughout the Pathways studies.
Mode of Data Collection:
Description of Variables:
There are essentially 11 variables associated with each prior and rearrest petition/arrest:
- Petition type (prior, initial referring or rearrest)
- Source of information (court records or FBI)
- Text description of the most serious charge on the petition/arrest
- The offense grade for the most serious charge
- A severity ranking for the charge
- Person crime (e.g., aggravated assault, murder)
- Property crime (e.g., robbery, receiving stolen property)
- Weapons offense (e.g., possession of an unlicensed firearm
- Sex offense (e.g., rape, involuntary deviant sexual intercourse)
- Drug offense (e.g., possession of a controlled substance with intent to delivery)
- Substance use (e.g., drug paraphernalia, possession)
These last six variables are binary markers (Yes/No) to show what other charges appear on the petition/arrest record. They were provided since specific charge information is only available for the charge with the highest severity.
The 11 variables noted above repeat for the maximum number of prior petitions (max=15) and rearrests (max=24) for the study participants. Most study participants won't have data in all fields since the majority do not reach the maximum. The average number of prior petitions is three and the average number of rearrests is four; therefore, information in variables associated with priors and rearrests above those numbers will be set to missing for the majority of cases.
Several additional variables related to the study index petition are available. The study enrollment criteria specified that participants must have been adjudicated (found guilty) for a serious charge (not just charged with one). As a result, for the study index petition, a text description of the most serious adjudicated charge is provided as well as the grade and category for that charge. In some, but not all, cases, the most serious adjudicated charge will be the same as the charge with the highest severity ranking. Information regarding the disposition related to the study index petition is also provided.
The file ends with a series of variables that provide the number of arrests that occurred in equal 6 month intervals through the end of the 84-month follow-up period for the study. For waves 1-6 (6-36 months), these intervals match the period of time included in the self report interview information. However, for waves 7-10, the interview recall period was 12 months in length and, therefore, the counts of official record arrests will need to be combined if the investigator wishes to align this data with the self report information. For example, in order to line up with the interview recall period represented in wave 7, the official record number of arrests for 36-42 and 42-48 will need to be combined. In order to line up the self report information for wave 8, the arrest counts for 48-54 and 54-60 will need to be combined.