Juvenile Domestic and Family Violence Court Evaluation in Contra Costa, Santa Clara, and San Francisco Counties, California, 1999-2005 (ICPSR 34564)
Principal Investigator(s): Uekert, Brenda, National Center for State Courts; Sagatun-Edwards, Inger, National Center for State Courts; Crowe, Ann, National Center for State Courts; Peters, Tracy, National Center for State Courts; Cheesman, Fred, National Center for State Courts; Kameda, Dina, National Center for State Courts
This study tested the effectiveness of two court-based intervention programs in California (Santa Clara County, San Francisco County) that addressed juvenile domestic and family violence. The court-based intervention programs included an intake assessment process for domestic and family violence, specialized prosecution and defense, a dedicated docket, intensive supervision, offender programs, and victim services. Probation and court records of juvenile domestic/family violence offenders provided the source of data to compare the intervention programs with a third county that did not have a specialized response (Contra Costa County). The final study group included 303 closed cases (201 cases from Santa Clara County, 40 cases from San Francisco County, and 62 cases from Contra Costa County).
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Uekert, Brenda, Inger Sagatun-Edwards, Ann Crowe, Tracy Peters, Fred Cheesman, and Dina Kameda. Juvenile Domestic and Family Violence Court Evaluation in Contra Costa, Santa Clara, and San Francisco Counties, California, 1999-2005. ICPSR34564-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-05-17. doi:10.3886/ICPSR34564.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34564.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2003-IJ-CX-1031)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: arrest records, domestic violence, family violence, intervention, juvenile courts, juvenile justice, juvenile offenders, outcome evaluation, program evaluation, recidivism, recidivism rates
Smallest Geographic Unit: county
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: court case
Universe: All juvenile domestic/family violence court cases in Santa Clara County, California between September 1999 and August 2003, in San Francisco County, California between September 2001 and August 2003, and in Contra Costa County, California between September 1999 and August 2003.
Data Types: administrative records data
Data Collection Notes:
The study involved two separate phases: contextual analysis and program evaluation. Contextual analysis, conducted through site visits, was necessary to identify variances in court/probation processing and case treatment and was a prerequisite to the collection of data. In Santa Clara and San Francisco counties, the research team interviewed agency and community-based staff participating in the programs, observed court hearings, and collected agency protocols and reports. In Contra Costa County, staff interviewed the presiding juvenile judge and probation staff. Data resulting from the contextual analysis component of the study are not available as part of this data collection at this time.
The project's report (Uekert et al., 2006; NCJ 216614) indicates that both quantitative and qualitative data were collected, including textual summaries of the offender's performance while on probation. The qualitative data collected by the research team are not available as part of this data collection at this time. The quantitative data include two variables coded from the qualitative data that specify whether the youth's adjustment was a success and the reason the case was closed.
The project's report (Uekert et al., 2006; NCJ 216614) references a final sample of 304 closed cases (202 cases from Santa Clara County, 40 cases from San Francisco County, and 62 cases from Contra Costa County), however the data being distributed as part of this collection contain information on 303 closed cases (201 cases from Santa Clara County, 40 cases from San Francisco County, and 62 cases from Contra Costa County).
Study Purpose: The purpose of the study was to test the effectiveness of the Santa Clara County and San Francisco County court-based intervention programs that addressed juvenile domestic and family violence.
A quasi-experimental research design incorporating two experimental groups (Santa Clara County, San Francisco County) and a comparison group (Contra Costa County) was used to examine program effects on recidivism and offender behaviors. Program evaluation included analysis of the minors' background, incident data, and outcome evaluation, which focused on the impact of court, probation, and treatment on individual levels. The program evaluation involved coding probation and court files in each of the three counties to (1) document the sociodemographic, experiential, and delinquency backgrounds of juvenile domestic/family violence offenders, (2) profile victim backgrounds and the nature of the incident, (3) collect information on probation conditions, intervention programs, and probation violations, and (4) gather information on subsequent arrests and convictions for domestic and family violence offenses and any new re-arrests.
Coding sheets were used to quantify data collected from probation files, court files, and criminal record checks. The actual coding took place at the probation department or juvenile court file rooms at each site. Recidivism data were collected from juvenile probation files as well as criminal record checks. Adult records were checked up to August 31, 2005 -- allowing a period of six years from the time in which the Santa Clara program first began operations, and four years from the time in which the San Francisco court program first started. In Contra Costa County, adult criminal records were checked from September 1999 through August 2005. The adult criminal records were provided from the probation department or court personnel in all three counties, using the records from the California Criminal Justice Information Control. The final study group included 303 closed cases (201 cases from Santa Clara County, 40 cases from San Francisco County, and 62 cases from Contra Costa County).
The research team only coded closed juvenile domestic/family violence cases in Santa Clara County, San Francisco County, and Contra Costa County. In Santa Clara County and San Francisco County, the probation departments provided a list of all the cases assigned to their juvenile domestic/family violence courts for September 1999 to August 2003 for Santa Clara County and for September 2001 to August 2003 for San Francisco County.
Since there was no such list available in Contra Costa, researchers first had to identify domestic/family violence cases from the general caseload. After a review of offenders in the Santa Clara Juvenile Domestic and Family Violence Court, the Contra Costa cases were initially selected by the major domestic/family violence penal codes and other batterer/assault codes that potentially might have involved a teen relationship violence or family violence incident. The Probation Department technical staff in Contra Costa County searched all their case records during the period from September 1999 to August 2003 for cases adjudicated with at least one of four penal code violations that were indicative of a domestic or family violence crime. Cases that clearly involved a domestic or family violence relationship were included in the sample, resulting in a list of 381 potential cases. A number of cases identified as domestic or family violence, primarily in Contra Costa County, were dismissed either before reaching the court or because the court determined that the case was a dependency case rather than a delinquency case. These cases were excluded from the final sample as they were not comparable to the sample of cases that received the court-based intervention in Santa Clara and San Francisco Counties.
The final sample is comprised of 303 closed cases (201 cases from Santa Clara County, 40 cases from San Francisco County, and 62 cases from Contra Costa County).
Mode of Data Collection: record abstracts
Adult criminal records.
Description of Variables: The study contains 386 variables including county, various important date variables, background variables, incident data, intervention data, and outcome variables. Background information variables include offender characteristics and victim characteristics. Outcome variables include intervention outcomes, juvenile recidivism outcomes, and adult recidivism outcomes.
Response Rates: Not applicable
Presence of Common Scales: none
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Standardized missing values.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2013-05-17
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