United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 1994. ICPSR03355-v8. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-01-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03355.v8
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03355.v8
- RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
Smallest Geographic Unit:
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation:
Prisoners released during 1994 in the 15 states that the
study covered. The 15 states account for about two-thirds of releases
in the United States in a given year.
The following 15 state Departments of Corrections
participated in the study: Arizona, California, Delaware, Florida,
Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North
Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Texas, and Virginia. These departments
supplied Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) with information on each
person released from prison in the state in 1994 (Note: Illinois
releases are for fiscal year 1994 rather than calendar year 1994).
These 15 states were chosen as a purposive sample, based on
willingness to participate, the state's relative contribution to the
overall national prison population, and the state's inclusion in the
earlier study of recidivism conducted by BJS in 1983 (see ICPSR
8875). The 15 states supplied BJS with release records on 302,309
prisoners released in 1994, approximately two-thirds of all prisoners
released in the nation. Using these records, the researchers drew a
representative sample from each state, totaling 38,624 out of the
302,309 released prisoners, stratified by most serious conviction
offense. More detailed information regarding sampling procedures can
be found in the codebook that accompanies this data collection.
FBI and state criminal history files, state Departments
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Created variable labels and/or value labels.
Standardized missing values.
Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.