The main purpose of the study was to test if early coordinated victim outreach would improve criminal justice outcomes as well as increase victim safety and empowerment. A secondary purpose of this study was to identify victim and case characteristics that moderated those criminal justice outcomes. Finally, the study evaluated the influence of spatial characteristics on criminal justice outcomes.
This project employed a randomized control design to evaluate an innovative outreach program from racially and ethnically diverse IPV victims whose cases have come to the attention of the criminal justice system. For the purposes of this experimental design, a team leader on the Triage Team used an algorithm to randomly assign women to the O (outreach) or R (referral) condition during the study period, thus allowing comparisons of the coordinated outreach intervention to the treatment-as-usual (referral) condition.
Participants were interviewed at three different time periods. The first interview (T1) was conducted shortly after a report was filed (median of 26 days), the second was 6 months after T1, and the third interview was conducted 12 months after T1.
The project employed a randomized control design whereby participants were randomly selected from the population of IPV cases referred to the Triage Team in Denver from December 5, 2007 through July 14, 2008 to receive outreach or treatment-as-usual.
Mode of Data Collection:
Description of Variables:
There are a total of 748 variables with 236 cases in the Time 1 dataset. These data contain variables including: victim demographic variables (including age, education, employment, race/ethnicity, marital status, and children), victim's life trauma history, health (including head injuries, alcohol consumption, the relationship of the victim and offender (prior to and after incident), offender demographics (including employment and income), variables describing the incident, variables on offender physical aggression, injury scale, offender stalking/threats, victims likelihood of reporting incidents to police, police involvement/response to incident, legal procedures, criminal justice outcomes, victim's use of advocate programs, victims' social and other Support, victim's access to transportation, and victim's phone and internet access.
There are a total of 335 variables and 236 cases in the Time 2 dataset. These data contain variables including: Demographic Variables (including age, employment, marital status, and relation of offender to victim), victim's trauma history (since T1), health/substance use/personal safety variables, the victim's current living situation if with offender, psychological aggression (from offender or current partner), physical aggression (from offender or current partner), sexual coercion scale (from offender or current partner), injury scale (from offender or current partner), stalking and threats scale (from offender or current partner), protection order status, any contact by/from Offender, hesitance in reporting, criminal justice outcomes, victim's use of advocacy programs, victim's social and other support, victim's access to transportation, and whether victim's access to phone and internet was restricted by offender.
There are a total of 428 variables and 236 cases in the Time 3 dataset. These data contain variables including: demographic variables (employment, marital status, defendant relation, children), stages of change, victim's trauma history (since T2), health/substance use/personal safety, victim's memory of the incident, sleep habits, current living situation if with Offender, psychological aggression (offender or other partner), physical aggression (offender or other partner), sexual coercion scale (offender or other partner), Injury Scale (offender or other partner), stalking and threats scale (offender or other partner), protection order status, any contact by/from offender, hesitance in reporting, immigration status (victim and offender), family opinions of IPV, victim and offender arrest history, criminal justice outcomes, victim's perceived justice outcomes, victim's use of advocacy programs, victim's social and other support, success in obtaining resources (housing, food, education, etc.), access to transportation, and whether victim's access to phone and internet was restricted by offender.
Presence of Common Scales:
Conflict Tactics Scale (Strauss, Hamby, Boney-McCoy, and Sugarman, 1996).
Response to Research Participation Questionnaire (Newman and Kaloupek, 2001, 2004).
Posttramatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (FOA, Cashman, Jaycox, and Perry, 1997).
Beck Depression Inventory (Beck, Steer, Ball, Ranieri, 1996).
Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (Cohen and Hoberman, 1983; Cohen, 1985).
Trauma Appraisal Questionnaire (DePrince, Zubriggen, CHU, and Smart, 2010).
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Created variable labels and/or value labels.
Standardized missing values.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.