Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Hate Crime Data, 1995 (ICPSR 3008)
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation
In response to growing concern about hate crimes, Congress enacted the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990. The Act required the Attorney General to establish guidelines and collect, as part of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, data "about crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity, including where appropriate the crimes of murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, aggravated assault, simple assault, intimidation, arson, and destruction, damage, or vandalism of property." Hate crime data collection was required by the Act to begin in calendar year 1990 and continue for four successive years. In September 1994, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act amended the Hate Crime Statistics Act to add disabilities, both physical and mental, as factors that could be considered a basis for hate crimes. Although the Act originally mandated data collection for a total of five years, the Church Arson Prevention Act of 1996 amended the collection duration "for each calendar year," making hate crime statistics a permanent addition to the UCR program. As with the other UCR data, law enforcement agencies contribute reports either directly or through their state reporting programs. Information contained in the data include number of victims and offenders involved in each hate crime incident, type of victims, bias motivation, offense type, and location type.
This data collection has been deaccessioned; it is no longer distributed by ICPSR.
U.S. Dept. of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM DATA [UNITED STATES]: HATE CRIME DATA, 1995. Compiled by the U.S. Dept. of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 2000. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03008.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03008.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Hate crime incidents reported by law enforcement agencies in the United States.
Data Types: event/transaction data
Data Collection Notes:
2009-02-11 This data collection has been deaccessioned and is no longer available.
The data are organized in a hierarchical file structure. There are two record types, batch header and incident record. Each police agency represented in the file has a single batch header record. If a police agency reported hate crime incidents, then one incident record for each hate crime incident is listed in the file immediately after the corresponding batch header record. There are 53 variables for the batch header record and 60 variables for the incident record.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2000-12-08