Process and Outcome Evaluation of the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) Program at the Ozark Correctional Center, Missouri, 1994-1997 (ICPSR 3001)
Principal Investigator(s): Linhorst, Donald M., St. Louis University, School of Social Service; Nash, Jeffrey E., Southwest Missouri State University, Center for Social Sciences and Policy Research
This data collection consists of a process and outcome evaluation of the Ozark Correctional Center Drug Treatment Program (OCCDTP), located in an all-male, 650-bed minimum security prison. For the process evaluation, the principal investigators evaluated changes in OCCDTP treatment activities, characteristics of OCCDTP participants, utilization of aftercare, and participant ratings of the program and aftercare. For the outcome evaluation the researchers compared how well program graduates fared after program completion with respect to relapse and recidivism compared to program dropouts, as well as to a comparison group of inmates who did not participate in the OCCDTP. Data were collected from the Missouri Department of Corrections, the Missouri State Highway Patrol, a psychosocial assessment of clients entering the OCCDPT program, and three-month and 12-month follow-up surveys. Variables include background and demographic information, such as race, marital status, religious preference, and education level, as well as information on mental health, substance abuse, criminal history, nature of offenses, recidivism, clients' perceptions of the program, participation in aftercare, and social and clinical data.
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Linhorst, Donald M., and Jeffrey E. Nash. Process and Outcome Evaluation of the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) Program at the Ozark Correctional Center, Missouri, 1994-1997. ICPSR03001-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03001.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03001.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (97-RT-VX-K013)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: aftercare, inmate programs, inmates, outcome evaluation, process evaluation, recidivism, rehabilitation programs, residential programs, substance abuse, substance abuse treatment, treatment compliance, treatment outcome
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: Parts 1 and 2: Individuals. Part 3: Arrests.
Universe: Inmates at the Ozark Correctional Center Drug Treatment Program between February 1, 1994, and September 30, 1996.
Data Types: administrative records data, clinical data, survey data
Data Collection Notes:
The data files in this collection do not contain a common identifier that would allow the user to easily link the data among the three files.
The data for Parts 1 and 2 are organized so that each record is an inmate, while the data for Part 3 are structured so that each record is an arrest. Therefore each inmate from Parts 1 and 2 could have multiple records in Part 3.
Study Purpose: In October of 1993 the Missouri Department of Corrections received a three-year Center for Substance Abuse Treatment grant to create a therapeutic community substance abuse treatment program for inmates in the Ozark Correctional Center (OCC), which is an all-male, 650-bed minimum security prison. The OCC Drug Treatment Program (OCCDTP) consisted of four phases. During Phase One the treatment staff completed assessments and developed treatment plans. Phase Two involved intensive treatment for six to nine months. In Phase Three inmates participated in supervised community work release projects for three to six months. Lastly, in Phase Four an aftercare plan was completed. The program activities and total length of time in the program was about 12 to 18 months. In January of 1998 the National Institute of Justice funded a process and outcome evaluation of the OCCDTP under the auspices of the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) for State Prisoners Formula Grant Program. The process evaluation (Part 1) focused on (1) changes in OCCDTP treatment activities, (2) characteristics of OCCDTP participants, (3) utilization of aftercare, and (4) participant ratings of OCCDTP and aftercare. The outcome evaluation (Part 2) of the OCCDTP focused on a cohort of men who had graduated from the program and were released from prison between July 1, 1996, and September 30, 1997. The goals of this assessment were (1) to compare substance abuse prior to incarceration with substance abuse one-year after release for program graduates who relapsed, and (2) to compare program graduates with a matched comparison group on selected outcome indicators. Additionally, the researchers conducted a detailed analysis of those who participated in the OCCDTP, looking at outcome indicators for inmates who completed the program and did or did not participate in the work release program at the prison, as well as for inmates who were admitted to the program but did not complete the program. Outcome indicators for all comparisons consisted of relapse, employment status, participation in educational activities, risk for AIDS, and technical violations while on parole, as well as recidivism data gathered from the Missouri State Highway Patrol (Part 3). Intermediate outcomes were assessed by comparing technical violations during the program periods for program participants, dropouts, and the comparison group.
Study Design: For the process evaluation (Part 1) data were collected from four sources. First, client demographic information was collected from the Missouri Department of Corrections for all persons admitted to OCCDTP between February 1, 1994, and September 30, 1996. Second, data were obtained from results of a psychosocial assessment completed on inmates by the contract provider as part of the initial assessment process as clients entered OCCDTP. The psychosocial assessment included a variety of social, criminal, and substance abuse history data. Third, data were collected from a three-month follow-up survey of clients who successfully completed the program, which provided information on clients' perceptions of the program. Lastly, data were obtained from a 12-month follow-up survey of clients who successfully completed the program. This survey included client satisfaction information, suggestions for program improvement, levels of participation in aftercare, and social and clinical data. In addition to the data collected for the process evaluation, the outcome evaluation (Part 2) also gathered data from the Missouri Department of Corrections (DOC). The DOC provided data collected on men at entry to prison, data from the parole officers, and data on the inmates' earnings while in prison. The Missouri State Highway Patrol also provided data (Part 3) about the specifics of arrests, nature of the offense, and charges.
Sample: All Ozark Correctional Center Drug Treatment Program participants who were admitted between February 1, 1994, and September 30, 1996, were included in the study. Sampling for the comparison group is unknown.
For Parts 1 and 2 administrative records data were obtained from the Missouri Department of Corrections. Additional data were gathered from a psychosocial assessment of inmates, as well as three-month and 12-month follow-up surveys of inmates. Data for Part 3 were obtained from administrative records of the Missouri State Highway Patrol.
Description of Variables: For Parts 1 and 2 inmate information includes date admitted to and discharged from OCC, results of participation in OCCDTP, date of birth, race, education, marital status, religious affiliation, criminal history, IQ, substance abuse history, mental health care needs, educational and vocational needs, work skills, public risk, custody rating, and offense classifications. The psychosocial assessment collected data on living situation, family situation, legal background, employment background, social activities, suicide history, abuse history, sexual history, and substance abuse history. The three-month follow-up survey asked clients to rate the OCC staff, as well as the counselors' attitudes and behaviors. The 12-month follow-up survey asked clients about their social adjustment, work history, criminal involvement, drug use, AIDS risk assessment, and community treatments after leaving OCC. Part 2 also has variables measuring earned income, exit from prison, return to prison, and overall outcome. Part 3 variables include number of times on probation, number of prison terms, age at time of commitment, dates of admission to and discharge from prison, arrest charge numbers and types, Missouri offense codes, disposition numbers and dates, and sentences imposed.
Response Rates: Unknown.
Presence of Common Scales: Parts 1 and 2 contain IQ, as well as several Likert-type scales.
Original ICPSR Release: 2003-06-13
- 2006-03-30 File UG3001.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
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