drug related crimes,
Smallest Geographic Unit:
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation:
All persons arrested and booked on local and state charges in Madison, Hall, Dawson, and Scotts Bluff counties and Omaha, Nebraska, in October and November of 1998.
administrative records data,
A pilot outreach project of the National Institute of Jutice's Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program the rural Nebraska program was designed to answer three questions:
- What is the prevalence of drug use among rural arrestees?
- What types of drug use are prominent among rural arrestees?
- How does the prevalence and prominence of drug use compare to those of urban arrestees?
The rural Nebraska Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program examined the prevalence and type of arrestee drug use in four rural Nebraska counties (Madison, Hall, Dawson, and Scotts Bluff) and compared these results to those found in Omaha, Nebraska, an established ADAM site. The catchment area for Omaha was the central city. The data for this research were collected in conjunction with the National Institute of Justice's Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program. At the time of this study's release, the ADAM program was operational in approximately 35 cities nationwide, providing national and local profiles of drug use within arrestee populations and the monitoring of drug use patterns. An extension and refinement of the previous Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program (see DRUG USE FORECASTING IN 24 CITIES IN THE UNITED STATES 1987-1997 [ICPSR 9477]), the ADAM program (see ARRESTEE DRUG ABUSE MONITORING (ADAM) PROGRAM IN THE UNITED STATES, 1998 [ICPSR 2826], 1999 [ICPSR 2994], 2000 [ICPSR 3270], 2001 [ICPSR 3688], 2002 [ICPSR 3815], and 2003 [ICPSR 4020]) is the United States government's primary source of information on drug use among arrestees, and is one of the primary research tools on drug use, crime, and other social indicators. Quarterly interviews with arrestees selected using probability based sampling (for males) and convenience sampling (for females) were conducted in jails and detention facilities at each ADAM site. Urine samples were also collected and tested for a core panel of drugs that included cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana, and opiates. Because the drug screen could not detect drugs beyond 72 hours after use, only arrestees who had been incarcerated 48 hours or fewer were eligible for participation. The ADAM interview provided demographic and descriptive data, including race, age, marital status, source of income, screens for substance abuse and dependency, treatment history, arrest and incarceration experiences, and participation in local drug markets. At the conclusion of the interview, respondents were asked to provide a urine specimen. The data were collected in October and November of 1998 using a convenience sample. For the current study, a supplemental questionnaire about methamphetamine use was administered.
Data collection in each site was completed using standard Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) protocol (please see, ARRESTEE DRUG ABUSE MONITORING (ADAM) PROGRAM IN THE UNITED SATES, 1998 [ICPSR 2826], for the sampling frame used to collect the ADAM data), with two variations. Due to low flow of arrestees in rural jails, the typical data collection period was extended to two months, and data collection times were not standard across sites. In Madison (n=78) and Dawson (n=50) counties, jail staff informed interviewers in the morning and the evening if new arrestees had arrived. Jail staff could also page interviewers when new arrestees arrived using a digital pager. In Hall (n=53) and Scotts Bluff (n=149) counties, jail staff preferred to use a specific time period in the evening to collect information from any new arrestees booked in the previous 24 hours. In Omaha (n=202), data were collected for two weeks during structured time intervals in morning and evening. The samples at all sites were convenience, with all newly booked arrestees held in the jail during the hours of data collection asked to participate. The sample corresponds to quarter four of the ADAM 1998 [ICPSR 2826] Omaha sample.
Mode of Data Collection:
The source of these data were arrest records, personal interviews, and urine specimens.
Description of Variables:
The data include demographic variables taken from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) data collection. Variables include respondent's age, gender, race, residency, education, employment, and marital status. Other variables include the three most serious arrest charges, heavy alcohol use, use of marijuana, crack/rock cocaine, powder cocaine, heroin, and other drugs (ever, previous 30 days, and previous 12 months), age of first use of the above six drugs and heavy alcohol use, and drug dependency in the previous 12 months. The methaphetamine addendum includes variables on why the respondent began and continued the use of methamphetamines, how often and how much methamphetamine was used, if and why the respondent had ever sought and completed treatment, source of the methamphetamine, and if the respondent had ever made or sold methampethamine.
Due to a clerical error, accurate response rates for each area are not available. The response rate for Omaha ADAM data collection typically fell between eighty and ninety percent in each data collection period.
Presence of Common Scales:
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.