The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Utilization for Evaluation of Less-Lethal Technologies on Police Use-of-Force Outcomes in 13 Sites in the United States, 1992-2007

By default, the reports below show utilization for the last 12 months. To view a different range, please enter dates below.

Please note that this study was first released on 2013-10-29, and that our current reporting model only goes back three years (from today's date).

General Information

Unique Sessions

Total
Data/Documentation
Sessions
Data &
Documentation
Documentation
Only
Any Datasets/Files 106 = 17 89
DS0: Study-Level Files 85 = 0 85
DS1: Full Use of Force Incident Data 70 = 13 57
DS2: Hierarchical Linear Modeling Aggregate Data 44 = 0 44
DS3: Hierarchical Linear Modeling Incident Data 51 = 7 44

Notes

The numbers above are counts of unique sessions, not counts of how many files were downloaded. I.e., a value of 12 implies that users downloaded 1 or more files from the study as part of 12 discrete sessions/visits in this time period.

Please note that the numbers above do not include distribution of restricted-use or public-use data that are not web downloadable. E.g., data distributed on CD-ROM.

Unique Users

Total
Unique
Users
Faculty Grad.
Students
Undergrads Univ.
Staff
Other Anon.
Downloads
Any Datasets/Files 67 = 2 8 0 0 1 56
DS0: Study-Level Files 48 = 2 8 0 0 1 37
DS1: Full Use of Force Incident Data 35 = 2 8 0 0 1 24
DS2: Hierarchical Linear Modeling Aggregate Data 13 = 0 2 0 0 0 11
DS3: Hierarchical Linear Modeling Incident Data 16 = 0 4 0 0 0 12

Notes

All numbers in the table above are the number of unique users who downloaded one or more files from this study/dataset in the time period specified.

"Anon. Downloads" refers to users who download anonymously. Users who browse/download documentation files (only) are not required to login; some of our topical archives do not require login.

Please note that the numbers above do not include distribution of restricted-use or public-use data that are not web downloadable. E.g., data distributed on CD-ROM.

Downloads by Member Institutions

This study was downloaded by users at 8 institutions during the time period specified.

Notes

Institutions are only listed when users from that institution authenticated/logged in. Non-authenticated members constitute a large portion of our users and are represented in the Unique Users/Unique Sessions tables, but not in the Downloads by Member Institutions table.