drug law offenses,
health care services,
mental health services,
substance abuse treatment,
Smallest Geographic Unit:
District of Columbia,
New York (state),
Date of Collection:
- 1997-10-29 (CJRP 1997: fifth Wednesday in October 1997)
- 1999-10-27 (CJRP 1999: fourth Wednesday in October 1999)
- 2000-10-25 (JRFC 2000: fourth Wednesday in October 2000)
- 2001-10-24 (CJRP 2001: fourth Wednesday in October 2001)
- 2002-10-23 (JRFC 2002: fourth Wednesday in October 2002)
- 2003-10-22 (CJRP 2003: fourth Wednesday in October 2003)
- 2004-10-27 (JRFC 2004: fourth Wednesday in October 2004)
- 2006-02-22 (CJRP 2006: fourth Wednesday in February 2006)
- 2006-10-25 (JRFC 2006: fourth Wednesday in October 2006)
- 2007-10-24 (CJRP 2007: fourth Wednesday in October 2007)
- 2008-10-22 (JRFC 2008: fourth Wednesday in October 2008)
- 2010-02-24 (CJRP 2010: fourth Wednesday in February 2010)
- 2010-10-27 (JRFC 2010: fourth Wednesday in October 2010)
Unit of Observation:
Juveniles held in a juvenile residential facility in the United States for an offense on the census reference date in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, and 2010 and the facilities that held them between 1997 and 2010.
Data Collection Notes:
Additional information about national juvenile corrections data collections sponsored by OJJDP is available from the National Juvenile Corrections Data Resource Guide.
Individual years of data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) and Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC), a complement to the CJRP data, are
available through enclave access. Users interested in utilizing the enclave data must complete an Application for Use of the ICPSR Data Enclave. Additional data in the CJRP Series, JRFC Series, and the Matched CJRP/JRFC Series are available through the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data's Restricted Survey Documentation and Analysis (RSDA) system. Users interested in accessing these data through NACJD's RSDA system must complete a RSDA Data Use Agreement.
The CJRP reference date was generally the fourth Wednesday in October. However, the 1997 CJRP reference date was October 29, 1997, which was the fifth Wednesday of the month. Additionally, a set of unforeseen circumstances prevented the 2005 and 2009 mailouts from taking place in October of each year. The census date for these collections took place in the following February.
The CJRP facility inclusion criteria were as follows: residential facilities in operation on the census reference date (generally the fourth Wednesday in October), public or private (or tribal since 1999) operation, and intended for juvenile offenders (although some hold adults as well). Specifically excluded were: nonresidential facilities, detention centers operated as part of adult jails, facilities exclusively for drug abusers or dependent/neglected youth, foster homes, and federal correctional facilities (e.g., Immigration and Naturalization Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, United States Marshalls, or Bureau of Prisons). The CJRP inclusion criteria for individual-level data were as follows: youth under age 21, assigned a bed in a residential facility at the end of the day on the census reference day, charged with an offense or court-adjudicated for an offense, and in residential placement because of that offense.
The JRFC inclusion criteria for facilities in the census were: the facility must house persons under the age of 21 who were charged with or adjudicated for an offense, and were present in the facility on the reference date because of that offense. JRFC did not capture data on adult prisons or jails, nor did it include facilities that were used exclusively for mental health or substance abuse treatment or for dependent children.
Mode of Data Collection:
United States Bureau of the Census questionnaires
Using the number of in-scope facilities (i.e., able to hold juvenile offenders over night) as a base, the CJRP facility response rate was 96 percent in 1997, 100 percent in 1999, 99 percent in 2001, 100 percent in 2003, 100 percent in 2006, 100 percent in 2007, and 93 percent in 2010. The response rates for the JRFC are not available.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Performed consistency checks.
Created variable labels and/or value labels.
Standardized missing values.
Created online analysis version with question text.
Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.