Polyvictimization Among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System [South Carolina], 2006-2009 (ICPSR 26461)

Principal Investigator(s): DeHart, Dana, University of South Carolina

Summary:

This study collected lifespan data on girls' victimization and juvenile offending to: (1) examine range, diversity, and co-occurrence of different types of violence over the course of girls' lives, identifying strength and dynamics of relationships between forms of exposure; (2) examine independent, relative, and cumulative trajectories of risk for varied types of victimization over the lifespan, including critical periods of risk; (3) examine additional ecological factors as these relate to victimization; and (4) examine relationship of victimization to nature and chronicity of girls' offending. Life History Calendars were used in conjunction with the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire to examine co-occurrence of multiple forms of abuse and develop a comprehensive view of girls' experiences. The sample consisted of 100 girls adjudicated delinquent through the South Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice (SCDJJ) and up to one primary caregiver for each girl.

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Interview Transcript Data
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  Life History Calendar Data
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  Caregiver Survey Data
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS4:  Department of Juvenile Justice Case Administrative Data
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS5:  Department of Juvenile Justice Charges Administrative Data
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

DeHart, Dana. Polyvictimization Among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System [South Carolina], 2006-2009. ICPSR26461-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-08-18. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR26461.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR26461.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2006-WG-BW-0011)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    delinquent behavior, female offenders, risk factors, victimization, violence against women

Smallest Geographic Unit:    County

Geographic Coverage:    South Carolina, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2006--2009

Date of Collection:   

  • 2006--2009

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    All juvenile girls adjudicated delinquent in the state of South Carolina between 2006 and 2009.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, event/transaction data, text, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The Zip Archive file pkg26461-0001.zip includes 100 interview files. All of the interview files are available in ASCII text, Rich text format, and Portable Document format (PDF). The interview files are available through the restricted access procedures described below.

The Zip Archive file pkg26461-0002.zip includes 100 life history calendars (LHC). All of the LHC are available in ASCII text and Portable Document format (PDF). The life history calendars are available through the restricted access procedures described below.

No direct or indirect identifiers remain in the transcribed interview files or the Life History Calendars (Dataset 1, interview files and Dataset 2, LHCs). All 100 respondents' names have been masked by the Principal Investigator with the pseudonym "S".

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The purpose of this study was not only to understand different types of girls' exposure to multiple forms of victimization, but to also understand factors such as trajectory of risk over the lifespan, dependence of different forms of exposure, and ways that cumulative impacts influence life outcomes. This study used lifespan data on girls' victimization and juvenile offending to: examine range, diversity, and co-occurrence of different types of violence over the course of girls' lives, identifying strength and dynamics of relationships among forms of exposure; examine independent, relative, and cumulative trajectories of risk for varied types of victimization over the lifespan, including critical periods of risk; examine additional ecological factors (e.g., family conflict, parental addiction) as these relate to victimization; and to examine the relationship of victimization to nature and chronicity of girls' offending.

Study Design:   

The sample consisted of 100 girls adjudicated delinquent through the South Carolina Juvenile Justice system (SCDJJ) and up to one primary caregiver for each girl. Key victimization and offending constructs from girls' interviews were conceptualized in several ways, including (1) binary presence/absence coding of whether the girl experienced the event in question, (2) time-to-onset coding to indicate age at which the girl first experienced the event, and (3) duration and frequency coding to indicate number of years or number of incidents of the event. Qualitative transcripts were coded and analyzed using ATLAS/ti software. A first-cycle coding method was used with provisional top-down coding based on categories of items in girls' interviews. This approach allowed for identifying specific exemplars to illustrate findings revealed in quantitative analysis of girls' interview data.

Life History Calendars were used in conjunction with the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire to examine co-occurrence of multiple forms of abuse and develop a comprehensive view of girls' subjective experiences. The Juvenile Victimization questionnaire was used to measure exposure to violence. It included items on child maltreatment, gang violence, dating violence and sexual victimization among other things.

The Life History Calendar is an established research tool designed to optimize accuracy in collection of event timing/sequencing data. The LHC method uses a calendar-like matrix, providing visual cues said to enhance both interviewee and interviewer performance. Column headings typically denote years or ages, while row headings denote categories of life events. At the outset of the interview, the interviewer explained the calendar and mapped memorable life experiences (e.g., schools, grades, living arrangements, neighborhoods) with the respondent's help. These salient cues then provided a temporal context for recalling events that may be less salient in time (e.g., "The abuse happened when I was in third grade living with my aunt").

Caregivers who chose to participate completed the caregiver report on their girl's experiences. Archival data was also used through the South Carolina Budget and Control Board's Data Warehouse, an integrated data system tapping legal and safety services, social services, physical and mental health services, claims systems, and education.

Sample:    Prospective participants were identified via the South Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice database with frequent updates from intake rosters. An exhaustive sampling of incoming girls over a multi-year period was conducted in order to obtain a sample of girls from the facilities. In Datasets 1 and 2, the sample consisted of 100 girls adjudicated delinquent through SCDJJ and up to one primary caregiver for each girl. Prospective participants were identified via the SCDJJ database with frequent updates from intake rosters. For Dataset 3, caregiver survey responses, participant files were used to identify one primary caregiver for each girl who participated in the study, and mailed surveys were sent to one caregiver for each participant. For Datasets 4 and 5, case and archive information, data were pulled from the South Carolina Budget and Control Board's Data Warehouse for only the juvenile participants in the study.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    Not Available

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, mail questionnaire

Description of Variables:   

The qualitative data covered topics about school delinquency, household composition, experiences, and discipline and included key variables such as: having ever experienced caregiver violence, gang violence, dating violence, sexual violence, witnessing/indirect violence, or having ever engaged in alcohol or drug use, stealing, running away, fighting or aggression, or prostitution. There are 110 Interview Transcripts (Dataset 1), and 110 Life History Calendars (Dataset 2).

In Dataset 3, the Caregiver Survey Data, variables consisted of the same sample of questions asked in the interviews with respondents. These variables captured trauma history such as if the girl had ever experienced or witnessed: caregiver/adult violence, caregiver/adult sexual assault, caregiver/adult physical assault, or close family/friends murder/assault. Dataset 3 includes 28 variables and 114 cases.

Dataset 4, Department of Juvenile Justice Case Administrative Data, is a combination of archival information from the South Carolina Budget and Control Board's Data Warehouse. From these records, respondents' demographic information including: sex, race, county of residence, special needs, grade in school, marital status, drug use, parental status, living status, employment status, number of people living in home. There are also variables describing parent and sibling prior criminal history and a variable on client prior history. Dataset 4 includes 100 cases and 21 variables.

Dataset 5, Department of Juvenile Justice Charges Administrative Data, consists of variables including: offense date, referral date, code/description of charges, judicial decision, result of decision, disposition dates, and disposition results (coded and descriptive). Dataset 5 includes 66 variables and 917 cases.

Response Rates:    Participation rates were 32 percent for caregivers and 98 percent for eligible girls.

Presence of Common Scales:   

Life History Calendar method (Freedman, Thornton, Camburn, Alwin, and Young-DeMarco, 1988).

Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (Hamby, Finkelhor, Ormrod, and Turner, 2004).

Turner Non-Victimization Adversity Measures (Turner, Finkelhor, and Ormrod, 2006).

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2015-08-18

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