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Federal Justice Statistics Program: Guideline Computations for Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, 2006 (ICPSR 24129) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

These data contain records of guideline computations and adjustments for each count of conviction for criminal defendants who were sentenced pursuant to provisions of the Sentencing Reform Act (SRA) of 1984 and reported to the United States Sentencing Commission (USSC) during fiscal year 2006. The data are one of two supplementary files that should be used in conjunction with the primary analysis file, which contains records for all defendants sentenced under the guidelines. These data can be linked to the primary analysis file using the unique identifier variable USSCIDN. The number of records for a defendant in the current data corresponds to the total number of guideline computations, which may or may not equal the total counts of conviction for that defendant, dependent upon the grouping rules of the particular guideline in question (see Section 3D1.2 of the guidelines manual). As an example, a defendant with five counts of drug trafficking will only have one guideline computation because each of the drug weights for each count are simply added together and only one calculation is necessary. However, if a defendant has five counts of bank robbery, he or she will have five separate guideline computations because bank robbery is considered to be a nongroupable offense. The data were obtained from the United States Sentencing Commission's Office of Policy Analysis' (OPA) Standardized Research Data File. These data are part of a series designed by the Urban Institute (Washington, DC) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Data and documentation were prepared by the Urban Institute.

Series: Federal Justice Statistics Program Data Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Dataset(s)

Dataset
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Federal Justice Statistics Program: Guideline Computations for Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, 2006. ICPSR24129-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-03-08. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR24129.v2

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   administration, court cases, criminal law, defendants, federal courts, judicial decisions, legal systems, sentencing guidelines, trial courts

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 2005-10-01--2006-09-30

Date of Collection:  

  • 2005-10-01--2006-09-30

Unit of Observation:   sentencing guideline computations for defendants in federal criminal cases

Universe:   Defendants sentenced pursuant to provisions of the Sentencing Reform Act (SRA) of 1984 and reported to the United States Sentencing Commission during fiscal year 2006.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Methodology

Data Source:

extracts from the USSC Standardized Research Data File

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2011-03-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.

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