The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Trajectories of Violent Offending and Risk Status Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood, 1976-1986 [United States] (ICPSR 21021) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This study investigated violent offending in adolescence and early adulthood with an aim of building practical knowledge to guide prevention programs and policies. The study examined risk factors that influence violent offending and described how offending and risk levels change over adolescence and into early adulthood. The study used data from Waves I to VII of the NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY (NYS), conducted by Delbert Elliott between 1977 and 1987. Separate datasets for Waves I to VII were merged to create a single longitudinal dataset, using SAS system software. The NYS includes baseline information on youth and family background and demographic characteristics, as well as longitudinal data on the behaviors and attitudes of youths, and youths' perceptions of parent, neighborhood, and peer group factors.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Wave I SAS Syntax File - Download All Files (2.8 MB)
Data:
DS2:  Wave II SAS Syntax File - Download All Files (2.8 MB)
Data:
DS3:  Wave III SAS Syntax File - Download All Files (2.8 MB)
Data:
DS4:  Wave IV SAS Syntax File - Download All Files (2.8 MB)
Data:
DS5:  Wave V SAS Syntax File - Download All Files (2.8 MB)
Data:
DS6:  Wave VI SAS Syntax File - Download All Files (2.8 MB)
Data:
DS7:  Wave VII SAS Syntax File - Download All Files (2.8 MB)
Data:
DS8:  All Wave SAS System File - Download All Files (2.8 MB)
Data:

Study Description

Citation

Nash, James. TRAJECTORIES OF VIOLENT OFFENDING AND RISK STATUS ACROSS ADOLESCENCE AND EARLY ADULTHOOD, 1976-1986 [UNITED STATES]. ICPSR21021-v1. Portland, OR: Portland State University [producer], 2007. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-10-26. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR21021.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2004-IJ-CX-0017)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   adolescents, adult offenders, delinquent behavior, offenders, risk factors, violence, violent crime, youthful offenders

Smallest Geographic Unit:   none

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1976--1986

Date of Collection:  

  • 1977--1987

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   inap.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

In order to use the SAS system files provided in this collection, users must first obtain the NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY [UNITED STATES]: WAVE I, 1976 (ICPSR 8375), WAVE II, 1977 (ICPSR 8424), WAVE III, 1978 (ICPSR 8506), WAVE IV, 1979 (ICPSR 8917), WAVE V, 1980 (ICPSR 9112), WAVE VI, 1983 (ICPSR 9948), and WAVE VII, 1987 (ICPSR 6542) available from the ICPSR Web site (http://www.icpsr.umich.edu).

Methodology

Study Purpose:   This study investigated violent offending in adolescence and early adulthood with an aim of building practical knowledge to guide prevention programs and policies. The study examined risk factors that influence violent offending and described how offending and risk levels change over adolescence and into early adulthood. Specifically, by using the NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY, the researchers sought to (1) fit models that identify distinct developmental trajectories of violent offending over time, (2) fit models that identify distinct trajectories of risk levels over time, and (3) fit dual trajectory models of risk and offending.

Study Design:   The study used data from Waves I to VII of the NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY (NYS), conducted by Delbert Elliott between 1977 and 1987. Wave I of the NYS occurred in 1977, when a national probability sample of youths and one parent or legal guardian were interviewed about events occurring in 1976 and about background and demographic information. Follow-up surveys of youths occurred annually from 1978 to 1981 (Waves II to V). Additional follow-up surveys of youths occurred in 1984 (Wave VI) and 1987 (Wave VII). Separate datasets for Waves I to VII were merged to create a single longitudinal dataset, using SAS system software. Observations across waves were linked by creating a common identifier based on household and youth ID numbers. The NYS includes baseline information on youth and family background and demographic characteristics, as well as longitudinal data on the behaviors and attitudes of youths, and youths' perceptions of parent, neighborhood, and peer group factors. The longitudinal dataset contained one observation per study participant and included measures of age at each wave, along with measures of fixed demographics and background characteristics. The dataset included measures of fixed risk factors (i.e., low SES and parent beliefs legitimizing aggression), and it also included wave-specific measures of violent offending and time-varying risk factors. The researchers examined three time-varying risk factors measured at Waves I to VII. Youths' beliefs legitimizing aggression (BLA) were measured by averaging responses to two items pertaining to the extent to which a respondent agreed that it is necessary (1) to beat up someone to gain peers' respect and (2) to play dirty in order to win. Bonding with delinquent peers (BDP) was calculated as the product of a peer involvement score and a delinquent peers deviation score, based on the work of Elliott and colleagues (1985). The researchers measured involvement in conventional activities (ICA) as the average of the standardized Family, School, and Community Involvement Scales described by Elliott and colleagues (1985), in Waves I to III, combined with a standardized aggregate measure of employment in Waves IV to VII. These variables were coded so that higher scores consistently reflected higher levels of risk.

Sample:   The analysis sample included 1,227 respondents with complete data from Wave I through Wave VII of the National Youth Survey on measures of violent offending.

Weight:   none

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Data Source:

NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY [UNITED STATES]: WAVE I, 1976 (ICPSR 8375), WAVE II, 1977 (ICPSR 8424), WAVE III, 1978 (ICPSR 8506), WAVE IV, 1979 (ICPSR 8917), WAVE V, 1980 (ICPSR 9112), WAVE VI, 1983 (ICPSR 9948), and WAVE VII, 1987 (ICPSR 6542)

Description of Variables:   Self-reported violent offending was the dependent variable of interest. All models included demographic and background variables as well as measures of violent offending and risk status.

Response Rates:   Not applicable.

Presence of Common Scales:   The Family, School, and Community Involvement scales described by Elliott and colleagues (1985) measured the amount of time a youth spent on specific normative activities per week (e.g., homework, sports, and school activities). In this study, scores on the three scales were standardized and averaged to create an aggregate measure of involvement in conventional activities.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Related Publications

Utilities

Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics