U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. SURVEY OF ADULTS ON PROBATION, 1995: [UNITED STATES]. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02039.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02039.v1
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Date of Collection:
The universe came from the 1991 Census of Probation and Parole
Agencies and included agencies that supervised adult felons on probation
only, adult misdemeanants on probation only, and both adult felons and
survey data, and administrative records data
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format
(PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems
Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as
the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the
Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.
The records check sample was selected from a universe of
2,627 state, county, and municipal probation agencies with a total of
2,618,132 formally sentenced probationers. The sample design was a
stratified two-stage selection. In the first stage, probation
agencies were stratified into 16 strata defined by government branch
(executive or judicial) and level (state or local), and census region
(Northeast, Midwest, South, or West). The 43 largest probation
agencies were made self-representing and were selected into the sample
with certainty. The remaining 2,584 probation agencies were not
self-representing and were grouped within strata into 122 roughly
equal-size clusters. One agency was selected from each of the 122
clusters, with probability of selection proportional to size, for a
total of 165 agencies. From the records check sample, 4,703
probationers were selected for personal interviews, which made up the
second survey component. Because probationers on inactive supervision
were excluded from the personal interview sample, the personal
interview component represents a somewhat smaller share of the
nation's probationers (2,065,896) than the records check (2,620,560).
For the personal interview sample, 122 of the 206 agencies originally
selected for the records check were chosen. The 43 largest
self-representing agencies were selected with certainty. Of the 122
clusters of agencies that were not self-representing, 79 were
selected, using a systematic sample. Excluding agencies in the sample
that would only participate in the records checks resulted in a total
of 101 probation offices in which interviews were conducted.
criminal records from state, county, and municipal
probation agencies, and personal interviews
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.