Organizations Convicted in Federal Criminal Courts, 2006 (ICPSR 20102)
These data, collected to assist in the development of sentencing guidelines, describe offense and sentencing characteristics for organizations sentenced in federal district courts in 2006. The United States Sentencing Commission's primary function is to inform federal courts of sentencing policies and practices that include guidelines prescribing the appropriate form and severity of punishment for offenders convicted of federal crimes. Court-related variables include primary offense type, pecuniary offense loss and gain, dates of disposition and sentencing, method of determination of guilt, number of counts pled and charged, and dates and types of sentencing and restitution. Defendant organization variables include ownership structure, number of owners and employees, highest level of corporate knowledge of the criminal offense, highest level of corporate indictment and conviction for participation in the criminal offense, annual revenue, equity and financial status, whether it was a criminal organization, duration of criminal activity, and risk to national security. Organizational defendants data, 2006, covers fiscal year October 1, 2005, through September 30, 2006. In 1999, the United States Sentencing Commission added more variables from its databases to this collection, so the data are now provided in two files. Several variables iterate to include multiple occurrences of the same event. Part 1, Main Data, includes all noniterating variables plus the first occurrence of each iterating variable. Over 99 percent of the valid data is captured in this variable for most sets of iterations. Part 2, Supplementary Data, includes the remaining iterations.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
United States Sentencing Commission. Organizations Convicted in Federal Criminal Courts, 2006. ICPSR20102-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-03-08. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR20102.v2
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR20102.v2
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: convictions (law), corporate crime, corporate sentencing, defendants, disposition (legal), federal courts, federal offenses, fines, organizational structure, organizations, restitution programs, sentencing, sentencing guidelines
Geographic Coverage: United States
Starting with the 1999 data, ICPSR archives ORGANIZATIONS CONVICTED IN FEDERAL CRIMINAL COURTS under a new study number for each year of data. Data for the years 1987-1998 are archived under study number 9513.
Case materials from United States probation offices: master dockets, official indictments, presentence investigation reports, plea agreements, judgment of conviction orders.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2007-09-26
- 2014-06-27 All parts are being moved from restricted access to public access.
- 2011-03-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.
- Citations exports are provided above.
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