The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Police-Public Contact Survey, 2005 [United States] (ICPSR 20020)

Principal Investigator(s):


The Police-Public Contact Survey (PPCS), was designed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to document contacts between police and the public that culminated in police using force. The 2005 survey was conducted as a supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). To date, the PPCS has been conducted four times by BJS. The first survey -- described in the BJS publication, "Police Use of Force: Collection of National Data" (NCJ 165040) -- documented levels of contacts with police during 1996. The second survey -- described in "Contacts Between Police and the Public: Findings from the 1999 National Survey" (NCJ 184957) -- recorded police-citizen contacts in 1999. These data are archived in POLICE-PUBLIC CONTACT SURVEY, 1999 (ICPSR 3151). The third survey -- described in the BJS publication, "Contacts Between Police and the Public, Findings from the 2002 National Survey" (NCJ 207845) -- recorded police-citizen contacts in 2002. These data are archived in POLICE-PUBLIC CONTACT SURVEY, 2002: [UNITED STATES] (ICPSR 4273). The fourth survey -- described in the BJS publication, "Contacts Between Police and the Public, 2005" (NCJ 215243) -- covered interactions between police and the public in 2005. The results of this survey are contained in this data collection.

Series: National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available to the general public.


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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. POLICE-PUBLIC CONTACT SURVEY, 2005 [UNITED STATES]. ICPSR20020-v2. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics [producer], 2008. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-05-06.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   police citizen interactions, police community relations, police officers, police use of force, public interest, public opinion

Smallest Geographic Unit:   country

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 2005

Date of Collection:  

  • 2005-07-01--2005-12-31

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Respondents aged 16 and older to the National Crime Victimization Survey during the last six months of 2005. The universe of the NCVS is all persons in the United States aged 12 and older.

Data Types:   survey data


Sample:   Stratified multistage cluster sample.

Weight:   To obtain national estimates, the weight variable must be used.

Mode of Data Collection:   computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI), face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2008-05-06 The weights for the 2005 PPCS data were revised to reflect a change of the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) person weights. An NCVS weighting issue was discovered that resulted in the revision of the NCVS person weights. The NCVS revision directly affected the person weights for 0.8 percent of all households in the 2005 NCVS. Revising the PPCS weights was therefore necessary since the NCVS person weights are the starting point for the PPCS weighting. Due to this correction, some estimates produced by the archived database will differ slightly from those shown in the BJS report Contacts between Police and the Public, 2005. The difference between the published (19.09 percent) and revised (19.14 percent) overall rate of police-public contact in 2005 is about 0.05 percent.

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