The Source for Crime and Justice Data

National Judicial Reporting Program, 1996 (ICPSR 2660)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection tabulates the number of persons convicted of felonies in state courts and describes their sentences. Data were collected from state courts and state prosecutors in 344 counties of the United States. The collection contains sociodemographic information such as age, race, and sex of the felon. Types of offenses committed include homicide, rape, and robbery. Adjudication variables referring to the process between arrest and sentencing are also a part of this dataset. Data can be analyzed at the national level or by individual counties.

Series: National Judicial Reporting Program Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access. (How to apply.)

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.


Dataset - Download All Files (240.2 MB) large dataset

Study Description


United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. National Judicial Reporting Program, 1996. ICPSR02660-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-04-08.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   arrests, assault, auto theft, burglary, case processing, convictions (law), counties, demographic characteristics, drug law offenses, felony courts, felony offenses, homicide, larceny, manslaughter, murder, rape, robbery, sentencing, state courts

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1996

Date of Collection:  

  • 1996-02--1996-12

Universe:   Sentenced felons in the United States.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

Compiled by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.


Sample:   A two-stage stratified cluster sampling design was employed. At the first stage, 344 counties were selected from the 3,195 total counties in the nation. At the second stage, a systematic sample of felons sentenced for murder/nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, felony larceny/motor vehicle theft, drug trafficking, and other offenses were selected from each county's official records.

Data Source:

official court records

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2011-04-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.
  • 2001-03-27 Column locations of variables were corrected in the codebook to reflect the column locations in the data file. Frequencies in the codebook were also corrected.
  • 2000-12-14 An errata page supplied by the principal investigator in reference to erroneous data for Dade County, FL, Pinellas County, FL, Washoe County, NV, Santa Clara, CA, and Otero County, CO, has been added to the codebook.

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