United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
This data collection provides information about topics and
issues of concern in research and policy within the field of
corrections. Chief among these are the characteristics of persons
confined to state prisons, their current and past offenses, and the
circumstances or conditions of their confinement. Also included is
extensive information on inmates' drug and alcohol use, program
participation, and the victims of the inmates' most recent offenses.
This information, which is not available on a national basis from any
other source, is intended to assist the criminal justice community and
other researchers in analysis and evaluation of correctional issues.
Survey of Inmates of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series
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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Survey of Inmates of State Correctional Facilities, 1986: [United States]. ICPSR08711-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08711.v2
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08711.v2
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This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1121-0116)
Scope of Study
correctional facilities (adults),
Date of Collection:
All adult inmates housed in correctional facilities
operated by a state government in the United States.
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook includes a summary of errors and omissions
that have been identified as of this release. This list is not
definitive and there may be other as yet unidentified inconsistencies
in the dataset. Users are requested to notify ICPSR if they encounter
serious data errors.
The sample design employed was a stratified two-stage
selection with the probabilities proportional to the size of the
correctional facility. The sample was selected independently from two
frames, one for males only and a second that allowed an oversample of
females. Within each frame, facilities were stratified by type (prison
versus community corrections facility) and by census region. In the
second stage, interviewers visited each selected facility and drew a
sample of inmates using predetermined sampling procedures. There were
275 facilities selected, yielding a sample of about 15,000 inmates. Of
these, 14,649 were contacted and 13,711 were interviewed successfully.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1988-10-25
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one
or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well
as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable,
and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to
reflect these additions.
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citations associated with this study
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Most Recent Publications
Veterans in Prison and Jail, 2011-12
U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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