The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Annual Parole Survey Series

The Annual Parole Surveys collect administrative data from parole agencies in the United States. Data collected include the total number of adults on state and federal parole on January 1 and December 31 of each year, the number of adults entering and exiting parole supervision each year, and the characteristics of adults under the supervision of parole agencies. The surveys cover all 50 states, the federal system, and the District of Columbia.

A crosswalk of the items included in each year of the Annual Parole Survey series, and the variable names and variable labels that have been assigned in the NACJD documentation and datasets is available.

Researchers may also be interested in the companion series Annual Probation Survey Series.

Most Recent Studies

Related Publications

Most Recent Publications

2014
Bonczar, Thomas,  Herberman, Erinn . Probation and Parole in the United States, 2013. Bulletin. NCJ 248029, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2014
DeMichele, Matthew . Studying the community corrections field: Applying neo-institutional theories to a hidden element of mass social control. Theoretical Criminology. 18, (4), 546-564.
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2014
Glaze, Lauren E.,  Kaeble, Danielle . Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013. Bulletin. NCJ 248479, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2014
Hall, Joshua C.,  Harger, Kaitlyn,  Stansel, Dean . Economic Freedom and Recidivism: Evidence from US States. .
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2014
Nopper, Tamara K. Asian Americans, Deviance, Crime, and the Model Minority Myth. Color Behind Bars: Racism in the U.S. Prison System. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
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2013
Glaze, Lauren E.,  Herberman, Erinn J. Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012. Bulletin. NCJ 243936, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2013
Maruschak, Laura M.,  Bonczar, Thomas P. Probation and Parole in the United States, 2012. Bulletin. NCJ 243826, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2012
Glaze, Lauren E.,  Parks, Erika . Correctional Populations in the United States, 2011. Bulletin. NCJ 239972, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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2012
Laubepin, Frederique . Experiments in Punishment: Explaining Differences in the Scope of Penal Sanctioning in the American States. Dissertation, University of Michigan.
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2012
Maruschak, Laura M.,  Parks, Erika . Probation and Parole in the United States, 2011. Bulletin. NCJ 239686, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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Variables