Research on Pathways to Desistance [Maricopa County, AZ and Philadelphia County, PA]: Subject Measures - Scales, 2000-2010 (ICPSR 36800)

Alternate Title:   Pathways to Desistance (Subjects - Scales)

Principal Investigator(s): Mulvey, Edward P., University of Pittsburgh

Summary:

The Pathways to Desistance study was a multi-site study that followed 1,354 serious juvenile offenders from adolescence to young adulthood in two locales between the years 2000 and 2010. Enrolled into the study were adjudicated youths from the juvenile and adult court systems in Maricopa County (Phoenix), Arizona (N=654) and Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania (N=700).

Respondents were enrolled and baseline interviews conducted from November 2000 to January 2003. Follow-up interviews were then scheduled with the respondents at 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60, 72 and 84 months past their baseline interview.

The enrolled youth were at least 14 years old and under 18 years old at the time of their committing offense and were found guilty of a serious offense (predominantly felonies, with a few exceptions for some misdemeanor property offenses, sexual assault, or weapons offenses).

Each wave of data collection covered six domains: (1) background characteristics (e.g., demographics, academic achievement, psychiatric diagnoses, offense history, neurological functioning, psychopathy, personality), (2) indicators of individual functioning (e.g., work and school status and performance, substance abuse, mental disorder, antisocial behavior), (3) psychosocial development and attitudes (e.g., impulse control, susceptibility to peer influence, perceptions of opportunity, perceptions of procedural justice, moral disengagement), (4) family context (e.g., household composition, quality of family relationships), (5) personal relationships (e.g., quality of romantic relationships and friendships, peer delinquency, contacts with caring adults), and (6) community context (e.g., neighborhood conditions, personal capital, and community involvement). Information about the measures used to capture this information can be found on the Pathways to Desistance website.

The current Subject Measures study primarily consists of the calculated scores from constructs asked about during the interview, but the individual scale items were withheld at that time. These variables are typically consistent across the waves that the scale was asked about during the course of the entire study. Most of the files contain variables from all 11 waves of data collection. The table in the front of the User Guide will list which waves are present in each data file.

Series: Research on Pathways to Desistance Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    Users are reminded that these data are to be used solely for statistical analysis and reporting of aggregated information, and not for the investigation of specific individuals or organizations.

    Access to some of the data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • National Addiction and HIV Data Archive Program

    This study is maintained and distributed by the National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program (NAHDAP). NAHDAP is supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans - II (ARSMA-II) - Download All Files (34.83 MB)
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DS2:  Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  Caring Adult - Download All Files (21.851 MB)
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DS4:  Characteristics of Family [RESTRICTED]
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DS5:  Characteristics of Friends - Download All Files (25.547 MB)
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DS6:  Characteristics of Romantic Relationships - Download All Files (2.844 MB)
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DS7:  Children's Emotional Intensity Child Report [RESTRICTED]
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DS8:  Community Involvement - Download All Files (7.387 MB)
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DS9:  Demographics [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS10:  Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS11:  Domestic Violence [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS12:  Early Onset of Behavior Problems - Download All Files (2.521 MB)
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DS13:  EASI - Download All Files (2.805 MB)
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DS14:  Education (Baseline): School Bonding, Attendance, Activities, and Orientation - Download All Files (7.203 MB)
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DS15:  Education (Follow-Up): School Bonding, Grades, Activities, and Orientation - Download All Files (57.701 MB)
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DS16:  Employment - Download All Files (3.551 MB)
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DS17:  Exposure to Violence [RESTRICTED]
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DS18:  Friendship Quality - Download All Files (7.112 MB)
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DS19:  Future Orientation Inventory - Download All Files (7.557 MB)
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DS20:  Gang Involvement [RESTRICTED]
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DS21:  Gun Accessibility - Download All Files (3.77 MB)
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DS22:  Head Injury - Download All Files (13.635 MB)
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DS23:  Health Care - Download All Files (3.438 MB)
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DS24:  HIV Risk Behaviors [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS25:  Importance of Spirituality - Download All Files (4.589 MB)
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DS26:  Indices of Personal and Social Costs and Rewards - Download All Files (51.239 MB)
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DS27:  Information Related to Pregnancy and Children [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS28:  Interview Information - Download All Files (6.404 MB)
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DS29:  Miscellaneous (Household Composition, Street Time, Probation, Number of Weeks Working) - Download All Files (28.154 MB)
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DS30:  Moral Thinking - Download All Files (16.37 MB)
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DS31:  Motivation to Succeed - Download All Files (8.676 MB)
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DS32:  Multigroup Measure of Ethnic Identity - Download All Files (12.001 MB)
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DS33:  Neighborhood Conditions - Download All Files (21.087 MB)
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DS34:  NEO Personality Inventory [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS35:  Offense History - Download All Files (2.681 MB)
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DS36:  Parental Monitoring - Download All Files (7.055 MB)
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DS37:  Parental Orientation - Download All Files (10.238 MB)
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DS38:  Parental Warmth and Hostility - Download All Files (66.393 MB)
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DS39:  Peer Delinquency [RESTRICTED]
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DS40:  Perceptions of Chances for Success - Download All Files (8.915 MB)
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DS41:  Personality Assessment Inventory [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS42:  Procedural Justice - Download All Files (67.491 MB)
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DS43:  Psychosocial Maturity Inventory (PSMI) [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS44:  Quality of Romantic Relationships [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS45:  Resistance to Peer Influence - Download All Files (15.812 MB)
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DS46:  Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) - Download All Files (3.534 MB)
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DS47:  Routine Activities - Download All Files (6.576 MB)
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DS48:  Self-Reported Offending (SRO) [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS49:  Services and Medications - Download All Files (6.032 MB)
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DS50:  Social Capital - Download All Files (13.803 MB)
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DS51:  Socioeconomic Status - Download All Files (2.709 MB)
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DS52:  Substance Abuse - Download All Files (41.519 MB)
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DS53:  Threat Control Override (TCO) - Download All Files (4.161 MB)
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DS54:  Weinberger Adjustment Inventory (WAI) [RESTRICTED]
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No downloadable data files available.
DS55:  Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) - Download All Files (29.685 MB)
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Study Description

Citation

Mulvey, Edward P. Research on Pathways to Desistance [Maricopa County, AZ and Philadelphia County, PA]: Subject Measures - Scales, 2000-2010. ICPSR36800-v4. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-12-14. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36800.v4

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36800.v4

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • Arizona Governor's Justice Commission (JBISA01224400)
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
  • Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency (2001-J05-011944, 2002-J04-13032, 2003-J04-14560, 2004-J04-15849, 2005-J04-17071, 2006-J04-18272)
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (043357)
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01 DA019697 01 - 05)
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (1999-IJ-CX-0053, 2008-IJ-CX-0023)
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2000-MU-MU-0007, 2005-JK-FX-K001, 2007-MU-FX-0002)
  • William Penn Foundation
  • William T. Grant Foundation (99-2009-099)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    academic achievement, community involvement, crime, demographic characteristics, family life, friendships, gangs, health, household composition, interpersonal relations, juvenile offenders, neighborhood conditions, personal adjustment, psychosocial assessment, race relations, religion, social behavior, substance abuse

Smallest Geographic Unit:    County

Geographic Coverage:    Arizona, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Phoenix, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2000--2010

Date of Collection:   

  • 2000-11--2003-01 (Baseline)
  • 2001-05--2003-08 (6-month Follow-up)
  • 2001-08--2004-03 (12-month Follow-up)
  • 2002-05--2004-09 (18-month Follow-up)
  • 2002-11--2005-02 (24-month Follow-up)
  • 2003-05--2005-09 (30-month Follow-up)
  • 2003-11--2006-04 (36-month Follow-up)
  • 2004-12--2007-04 (48-month Follow-up)
  • 2005-11--2008-03 (60-month Follow-up)
  • 2006-11--2009-02 (72-month Follow-up)
  • 2007-11--2010-03 (84-month Follow-up)

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Youths 14-19 years of age from the juvenile and adult court systems in Maricopa County (Phoenix), Arizona, and Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania from November 2000 to April 2003.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

More information about this study is available on the Pathways to Desistance Web site.

Other contributors to the Pathways to Desistance study:

  • Carol A. Schubert, University of Pittsburgh (Study Director)
  • Laurie Chassin, Ph.D., Arizona State University (Co-Investigator)
  • George P. Knight, Ph.D., Arizona State University (Co-Investigator)
  • Sandra Losoya, Ph.D., Arizona State University (Site Coordinator)
  • Laurence Steinberg, Ph.D., Temple University (Co-Investigator)
  • Robert Brame, Ph.D., University of North Carolina-Charlotte
  • Elizabeth Cauffman, Ph.D., University of California-Irvine (Co-Investigator)
  • Jeffrey Fagan, Ph.D., Columbia University
  • Alex Piquero, Ph.D., Florida State University

Some data parts contain the word "[Restricted]" after the part title. A restricted data use application will need to be filled out to access these particular data files. The authors of these particular scales did not give the Principal Investigator permission to release the individual items publicly. The restricted part's codebook is public so that users might see what the variables are contained in that file.

Each data file contains 1,354 cases - one case for each respondent who completed an interview during the initial baseline phase.

The User Guide provides a brief explanation about each data file prepared by the Principal Investigator. At the beginning of the document is a table that lists additional details about each file prepared by ICPSR.

Demographics file (DS0009) contains the variable S#SITE to identify the county of the respondent (Maricopa or Philadelphia).

Methodology

Study Purpose:   

The aims of the larger Pathways to Desistance project were to identify initial patterns of how serious adolescent offenders stop antisocial activity, to describe the role of social context and developmental changes in promoting these positive changes, and to compare the effects of sanctions and interventions in promoting these changes. The larger goals were to improve decision-making by court and social service personnel and to clarify policy debates about alternatives for serious adolescent offenders. The study relied primarily on self-report information from study participants.

Sample:   

Six potential cities/counties were investigated for potential selection before Phoenix and Philadelphia were finalized. These two areas were selected due to containing (a) high enough rates of serious crime committed by juveniles; (b) a diverse racial/ethnic mix of potential participants; (c) a sizable enough number of female offenders; (d) a contrast in the way the systems operate; (e) political support for the study and cooperation from the practitioners in the juvenile and criminal justice systems; and (f) the presence of experienced research collaborators to oversee the data collection.

Youth were selected for potential enrollment after a review of court files in each locale revealed that they had been adjudicated (found guilty) of a serious offense. Eligible crimes included all felony offenses with the exception of less serious property crimes, as well as misdemeanor weapons offenses and misdemeanor sexual assault.

Drug offenses constitute a large proportion of all offenses committed by youth. And males comprise the vast majority of youth who are charged with drug offenses. Therefore the study instituted a capped proportion of males with drug offenses to 15 percent of the sample at each site.

All females who met the age and adjudicated crime requirements, or any youth whose case was being considered for trial in the adult court system, were eligible for enrollment regardless of whether the charged crime was a drug offense.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Panel

Weight:    The data does not include any weight variables.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

Description of Variables:    The majority of the data files contain the same repeating variables across the eleven waves of data collection. Please consult the User Guide for more details and a further description of the contents of each file.

Response Rates:   

During the enrollment period (November 2000 to January 2003) 10,461 individuals who met the age and petitioned charge criteria were processed in the court systems in Philadelphia and Phoenix. In 5,382 of these cases (51 percent) the youth was found not guilty or had the charges reduced below a felony-level offense at adjudication. Another 1,272 cases were dropped (12 percent) from consideration because the court data were insufficient to determine the person's eligibility status at adjudication.

Of the remaining 3,807 eligible cases 1,799 (47 percent) were excluded from consideration due to potential case overload of the local interviewer or the 15 percent threshold of drug offenders was close to being breached.

This resulted in 2,008 youths who were approached for inclusion into the study. Of those youths who were approached 1,354 consented and participated (67 percent).

Over the course of the 7-year follow-up period, there were 864 respondents (63.8 percent) located and interviewed for 10 of 10 possible interviews. An additional 309 youths (22.8 percent) were located and interviewed for 8 or 9 out of 10 possible interviews. Conversely, there were 17 (1.3 percent) respondents who didn't participate in any additional surveys and another 22 (1.6 percent) who only were located and interviewed for just 1 or 2 of the 10 possible follow-up interviews. These numbers do not adjust for 91 participants who either died (n=48) or refused continued participation (n=43) of the study over the course of the 7-year follow-up period.

Overall the study was able to achieve an average of 89.5 percent for each follow-up interview.

Presence of Common Scales:   

This study contains the individual items that comprise over 50 scales. Additional information about the scales is available on the Constructs page of the Pathways to Desistance Web site.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2017-07-18

Version History:

  • 2017-12-14 Data for the remaining 21 parts were added to the collection. The User Guide was updated to include information about these new parts.
  • 2017-10-17 Data for parts 1, 7, 10, 16, 24, 30, 31, 34, 36, 37, 42, 49, and 50 were added to the collection. The User Guide was updated to include information about these 13 new parts.
  • 2017-09-05 Data for parts 8, 9, 12, 21, 22, 28, 35, 39, 46, 47, 51, 53, and 55 were added to the collection. The User Guide was updated to include information about these 13 new parts.

Variables

Utilities

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