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Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census, 1984-1985 (ICPSR 8495)

Alternate Title:  Census of Children in Custody (CIC), 1985

Principal Investigator(s):


This survey is the eighth in a series of data collection efforts aimed at providing information on the number and type of juveniles placed in state and local residential facilities for juvenile offenders. Six types of public and private facilities are covered: (1) detention centers, (2) shelters, (3) reception or diagnostic centers, (4) training schools, (5) ranches, forestry camps, and farms, and (6) halfway houses and group homes. Survey items include facility capacity, number of full-time and part-time staff, number of admissions and discharges, average quarterly population, and expenditures by the facility. Data for facility residents include age, sex, and average length of stay.

Series: Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Public Facilities Data - Download All Files (5 MB)
DS2:  Private Facilities Data - Download All Files (6.5 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census, 1984-1985. ICPSR08495-v5. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-01-11.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   census data, correctional facilities, criminal justice system, expenditures, government agencies, juvenile delinquency, personnel work, population, public expenditures

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1984--1985

Date of Collection:  

  • 1984--1985

Unit of Observation:   facilities

Universe:   Juveniles in public and private juvenile detention, correctional, and shelter facilities in operation in the United States on February 1, 1985.

Data Types:   survey data


Sample:   Public and private juvenile facilities in operation in the United States on February 1, 1985, were included in the census if they housed three or more residents, if at least 50 percent of the residents were juveniles, and if accused or adjudicated delinquents and status offenders represented at least 1 percent of their average daily population. In California, however, all California Youth Authority facilities were included in the census. Juvenile facilities operated as part of adult jails were excluded, as were nonresidential facilities, facilities exclusively for drug or alcohol abusers or nonoffenders, and federal juvenile correctional facilities.

Data Source:

mailed questionnaires, and personal interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2011-01-11 The data were changed to be consistent across years.
  • 2009-02-06 This study has been updated with the full suite of data formats and the codebook has been modified as well.

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