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Pub. Type Report
Title Understanding the Use of Force by and Against the Police, Final Report
Author(s) Garner, Joel
Schade, Tom
Hepburn, John
Fagan, Jeffrey
Subtitle/Series Name
Pub. Date 1994
Abstract Concepts and analytical models related to the use of force- including legal and nonlethal force, a continuum of force, and transactions in a situational context-are presented in the introductory chapter of this study. The introductory chapter of this study discusses concepts related to the use of force, including legal and nonlethal force, a continuum of force, and transactions in a situational context. It presents analytical models. The Phoenix Use of Force Project uses data collected from suspect and officer interviews; methodological issues relate to the confidentiality of research subjects, data coding and analysis, and legal concerns. Three measures of force described include physical force, the continuum of force, and maximum force. The study reviews correlates of force and outlines a model of force. The empirical results of the study are described in terms of variable construction and predictors of suspect and police use of force. source
Issue/No. NCJ 159602
Producer United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice
Place of Production Washington, DC

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