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Pub. Type:
Journal Article
Race and gender: An examination of the models that explain evaluations of the court system for differences
Pub. Date:
Mar 2005
Recent research has suggested that the public opinion toward criminal justice and the court system in particular is influenced by procedural justice and discrimination. Other research has indicated that race and gender have mixed effects on perceptions of the court system. The current study drew on a national probability sample of the general United States public to examine whether models that explain perceptions of court system fairness were the same for race/ethnicity and gender. Data were drawn from the National Center for State Courts' study on Public Opinion on the Courts in the United States (2002). Variables under consideration included evaluations of local courts, performance of local courts, perceived discrimination, fairness of treatment in court, race, gender, and the control measures of education, income, and age. Results of multiple regression analyses indicated that both fairness of treatment and perception of performance played an important role in citizen™'s evaluations of courts. The subsample analysis indicated that fairness of treatment impacted evaluations of courts equally for Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, males, and females. The implications of the findings are discussed in terms of improving public attitudes' toward the court and in terms of improving the standing of elected court officers. Future research should continue probing this topic using larger samples and longitudinal data. Tables, notes, references source
81 - 97
NCJ No.:
NCJ 209865

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