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Pub. Type Report
Title Evaluation of the Multnomah County Drug Testing and Evaluation Program
Author(s) Cavanagh, David P.
Harrell, Adele V.
Subtitle/Series Name
Pub. Date Feb 1995
Abstract DTE is intended to help selected clients (either arrestees awaiting trial or convicted and sentenced offenders) rid themselves of drug-abusing behavior by providing random, weekly drug tests to all clients in the program. These drug tests are designed to allow DTE to monitor each client's compliance with release conditions and progress in treatment programs, as well as to intervene appropriately when a client shows signs of a drug- abuse problem. DTE is also intended to provide a bridge between the pretrial and posttrial supervision of clients. The DTE program supplements drug testing with client drug evaluations and treatment recommendations that are provided to the client's probation officer or case manager. The process evaluation describes the functioning of DTE from its inception in January 1991 through the spring of 1992. The process evaluation analyzes how DTE's functioning during this period deviated from that intended by its designers and implementers. The impact evaluation examines whether the pretrial and probation/parole programs reduced recidivism and increased compliance with court orders among defendants or offenders released under the supervision of the courts. The findings show that the DTE program of drug testing did not significantly reduce arrests among offenders or increase compliance with conditions of court orders. As in prior evaluations of drug-testing programs, the program has been weakened by problems in implementation. These included the lack of sanctions for DTE violations, the limited use of evaluations of client drug problems, limited access to treatment, and the apparent lack of coordination between the pretrial and postadjudication phases of the program. The evaluation recommends swift and sure sanctions for positive drug tests and expanded access to treatment for offenders with drug problems. source
Issue/No. NCJ 156051
Producer United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice
Place of Production Washington, DC

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