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Pub. Type Report
Title Dispensing Justice Locally
Author(s) Sviridoff, Michele
Rottman, David
Ostrom, Brian
Curtis, Richard
Subtitle/Series Name
Pub. Date 1997
Abstract Research on the implementation and early effects of the Midtown Community Court over its first 18 months found that the project achieved its key operational objectives: to provide speedier justice; to make justice visible in the community where crimes occur; to encourage enforcement of low-level crime; to marshall the energy of local residents, organizations, and businesses to collaborate on developing community service and social service projects; and to demonstrate that communities are victimized by quality-of-life offenses. Research also found that the court had a significant impact on the types of sentences dispensed at arraignment, more than doubling the frequency of community service and social service sentences and reducing the frequency with which the "process was the punishment" for misdemeanor offenses. In addition, the project increased compliance with community service sentences by 50 percent; substantially reduced local quality-of-life problems, including the concentration of street prostitution, unlicensed vending, and graffiti in the court's target area; and increased community confidence in the court's ability to provide constructive responses to low-level crime. source
Issue/No. NCJ 179620
Producer United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice
Place of Production Washington, DC

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