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Pub. Type Journal Article
Title Challenges for multilevel models of school disorder: Response to Hoffmann and Johnson
Author(s) Welsh, Wayne N.
Jenkins, Patricia H.
Greene, Jack R.
Journal Criminology
Pub. Date Nov 2000
Abstract The authors also argue that errors and omissions further weaken Hoffman and Johnson’s arguments. Hoffman and Johnson argue that Welsh, Greene, and Jenkins ignore cross-level interactions and overstate the primacy of individual-level explanatory variables. However, their data on 1,000 schools seem to support the previous conclusions about the primacy of individual-level predictors. Hoffman and Jenkins identify some potential issues to consider in multilevel studies, but they do little to support, clarify, or address them. Their call to examine cross-level interactions and include larger samples of schools is legitimate but not novel. They can not credibly claim to have conducted a more methodologically rigorous or theoretically consistent study in any meaningful sense. Footnotes and 17 references source
Volume 38
Issue/No. 4
Pages 1289 - 1300
ISSN 0011-1384
NCJ No. NCJ 186977

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