The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Publications Search Results

Users may wish to consult our notes on what was included in the Bibliography.

 
 
 
 
Pub. Year
Citation
2006
Spano, Richard,  Reisig, Michael D. 'Drop the clipboard and help me!': The determinants of observer behavior in police encounters with suspects. Journal of Criminal Justice. 34, 619-629.
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2002
Spano, Richard . Potential Sources of Observer Bias in Observational Studies of Police. Dissertation, State University of New York.
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2005
Spano, Richard . Potential sources of observer bias in police observational data. Social Science Research. 34, (3), 591-617.
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