The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Publications Search Results

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Pub. Year
Citation
2010
Smith, Michael R.,  Kaminski, Robert J.,  Alpert, Geoffrey P.,  Fridell, Lorie A.,  MacDonald, John,  Kubu, Bruce . A Multi-Method Evaluation of Police Use of Force Outcomes. Executive Summary. NCJ 231177, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
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2010
Smith, Michael R.,  Kaminski, Robert J.,  Alpert, Geoffrey P.,  Fridell, Lorie A.,  MacDonald, John,  Kubu, Bruce . A Multi-method Evaluation of Police Use of Force Outcomes. Final Report. NCJ 231176, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
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2000
Smith, Michael R.,  Alpert, Geoffrey P. Pepper spray - A safe and reasonable response to suspect verbal resistance. Policing. 23, (2), 233-245.
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2011
Alpert, Geoffrey P.,  Smith, Michael R.,  Kaminski, Robert J.,  Fridell, Lorie A. Police Use of Force, Tasers and Other Less-Lethal Weapons. Research in Brief. NCJ 232215, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
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