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|Title||Effects of Early Family/Parent Training Programs on Antisocial Behavior and Delinquency|
Piquero, Alex R.
Farrington, David P.
Welsh, Brandon C.
Jennings, Wesley G.
|Abstract||The review’s findings indicate that early family/parent training reduces child behavioral problems, including antisocial behavior and delinquency. The effect of early family/parent training is apparently robust across various weighting procedures, contexts, time period, outcome source, and both published and unpublished data. The majority of the studies included in this meta-analysis used some type of parent training program. These programs began prior to childbirth or during early infancy. The programs typically involved either individual or group-based parent training sessions that were conducted in a clinic, school, or other type of community-based site. The main parenting intervention programs used were the Incredible Years Parenting Program, the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program, and Parent-Child Interaction Therapy. The features of each of these program types are briefly described. The review concludes that early family/parent training should continue to be used for the first 5 years of a child’s life in order to prevent child behavioral problems. Future research on such programs should be designed to test the main theories of the effects of early family/parent training, with more attention given to the causal mechanisms by which these programs reduce delinquency and crime. Future evaluations of these programs should use high-quality evaluation designs with long-term followups, including repeated measures of antisocial behavior, delinquency, and crime over the life course. The review involved 55 studies that investigated the effects of early family/parent training on child behavior problems such as conduct problems, antisocial behavior, and delinquency. All studies used a randomized controlled evaluation design that provided before-and-after measures of child behavior among experimental and control subjects. 7 tables, 208 references, and appended parent/family meta-analysis coding sheets source|
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