National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging

Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study, 1980-1985: [United States] (ICPSR 6153) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) program of research was initiated in response to the 1977 report of the President's Commission on Mental Health. The purpose was to collect data on the prevalence and incidence of mental disorders and on the use of and need for services by the mentally ill. Independent research teams at five universities (Yale University, Johns Hopkins University, Washington University, Duke University, and University of California at Los Angeles), in collaboration with the National Institute for Mental Health, conducted the studies with a core of common questions and sample characteristics. The sites were areas that had previously been designated as Community Mental Health Center catchment areas: New Haven, Connecticut, Baltimore, Maryland, St. Louis, Missouri, Durham, North Carolina, and Los Angeles, California. Each site sampled over 3,000 community residents and 500 residents of institutions, yielding 20,861 respondents overall. The longitudinal ECA design incorporated two waves of personal interviews administered one year apart and a brief telephone interview in between (for the household sample). The diagnostic interview used in the ECA was the NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS), Version III (with the exception of the Yale Wave I survey, which used Version II). Diagnoses were categorized according to the DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS, 3rd Edition (DSM-III). Diagnoses derived from the DIS include manic episode, dysthymia, bipolar disorder, single episode major depression, recurrent major depression, atypical bipolar disorder, alcohol abuse or dependence, drug abuse or dependence, schizophrenia, schizophreniform, obsessive compulsive disorder, phobia, somatization, panic, antisocial personality, and anorexia nervosa. The DIS uses the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), which measures cognitive functioning, as an indirect measure of the DSM-III Organic Mental Disorders. In the ECA survey, this diagnosis is called cognitive impairment.

Access Notes

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Dataset(s)

WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS1:  Raw Data File - Download All Files (78.6 MB)
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS2:  SAS Data Definition Statements - Download All Files (0.3 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS3:  SAS Transport File - Download All Files (115.9 MB)
Data:
SAS
DS4:  Documentation, Volume One, Wave One Codebook
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS5:  Documentation, Volume Two, Wave Two Codebook
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS6:  Documentation, Volume Three, Wave One Data Book
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Mental Health. EPIDEMIOLOGIC CATCHMENT AREA STUDY, 1980-1985: [UNITED STATES]. Rockville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Mental Health [producer], 1992. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06153.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   epidemiology, mental disorders, mental health, mental health services, needs assessment

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1980--1985

Date of Collection:  

  • 1980--1985

Universe:   Persons aged 18 and older residing in New Haven, Connecticut, Baltimore, Maryland, St. Louis, Missouri, Durham, North Carolina, and Los Angeles, California.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This dataset represents the complete Epidemiologic Catchment Area study. As such, it supersedes the Wave 1 household sample data that were released in EPIDEMIOLOGIC CATCHMENT AREA (ECA) SURVEY OF MENTAL DISORDERS, WAVE I (HOUSEHOLD), 1980-1985: [UNITED STATES] (ICPSR 8993). The SAS transport file supplied by the principal investigator was produced using the xcopy procedure in SAS Version 5.18. The Raw Data File, Part 1, was produced by ICPSR from the SAS transport file supplied by the principal investigator. During production of the Raw Data File, rounding errors were introduced in the following variables: SW3, SW1, SW2, DIS092, D2S092, H2INCPCT, NAM, N2AM, P2INCPCT, S2DSESH, S2DSESP, S2ESH, S2ESP, GRDEPCT, G2RDEPCT, HINCPCT, H2INCPCT, PINCPCT, NAM, SESH, SDSESH, SESP, SDSESP. These rounding errors are never more than .00000001.

Methodology

Sample:   Multistage probability sampling. New Haven, Durham, and Baltimore oversampled elderly respondents. St. Louis oversampled Blacks, and Los Angeles sampled Hispanics within their minimum required sample size.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Related Publications (see Notes)

Utilities

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