National Health Interview Survey, 1990: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) Pregnancy and Smoking Supplement (ICPSR 9912)

Principal Investigator(s):


The basic purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. The purpose of this supplement was to estimate women's current smoking practices and to measure knowledge of the effects of cigarette smoking on certain health problems, pregnancy, and childbirth. The file contains approximately 90 variables from the core file (see NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1990 [ICPSR 9839]), including sex, age, race, marital status, veteran status, education, income, industry and occupation codes, and limits on activity. Variables unique to this supplement include questions on current pregnancy status, whether the respondent had ever smoked 100 cigarettes, whether she currently smoked, time elapsed since the respondent last smoked regularly, number of cigarettes the respondent smoked per day, whether the respondent smoked during pregnancy, number of cigarettes smoked before learning of pregnancy, number of cigarettes smoked after learning of pregnancy, whether the respondent smoked during most of their last pregnancy, and whether the respondent was ever advised by a doctor to quit smoking.

Series: National Health Interview Survey Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available to the general public.


Dataset - Download All Files (12.5 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey, 1990: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) Pregnancy and Smoking Supplement. ICPSR09912-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1993.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   alcohol consumption, chronic disabilities, chronic illnesses, disabilities, disease prevention, exercise, health, health behavior, health care, health care services, health policy, health problems, illness, occupational safety and health, physical fitness, pregnancy, smoking

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1990

Date of Collection:  

  • 1990

Universe:   Civilian noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS. The age distribution is 18-24 years (N = 5,889), 25-34 years (N = 10,633), and 35-44 years (N = 9,317). The racial/ethnic distribution is White (N = 20,214), Black (N = 4,130), Asian/Pacific Islander (N = 702), Native American (N = 206), multiple (N = 17), and other or unknown (N = 570).


Sample:   The NHIS uses a multistage probability sampling design. Four independent representative samples, which may be used in any combination, were drawn. Black persons were oversampled.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Restrictions: In preparing the data tape(s) for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of data subjects. As an additional precaution, NCHS requires, under section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.


Original ICPSR Release:  

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