National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging

National Health Interview Survey, 1976: Family Medical Expenses Supplement (ICPSR 9704)

Principal Investigator(s):


The purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. The 1976 Family Medical Expense Supplement provides variables from the core Person File (see HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1976 [ICPSR 8340]) including sex, age, race, marital status, veteran status, education, income, industry and occupation codes, and limits on activity. The variables unique to this supplement cover the amount paid individually and for the whole family for dental, medical, optical, and hospital bills, prescription drug expenses, and other medical costs. Questions were asked about total individual costs excluding health insurance, health insurance premium costs per family member, total individual costs including health insurance, and other types of medical expenses for the respondent and family members. Additional questions were asked about the race and sex of the head of the family.

Series: National Health Interview Survey Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


National Health Interview Survey, 1976: Family Medical Expenses Supplement - Download All Files (94.5 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey, 1976: Family Medical Expenses Supplement. ICPSR09704-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-12-03.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   chronic disabilities, chronic illnesses, disabilities, drug costs, families, health, health care, health care costs, health care services, health insurance, health policy, health problems, illness, prescription drugs

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1975--1976

Date of Collection:  

  • 1976

Universe:   Civilian noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Data Types:   clinical data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

These data files contain weights, which must be used in any analysis.

Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS.


Sample:   A multistage probability sample was used in selecting housing units.

Weight:   These data contain multiple weight variables for each part. Users should refer to the User Guide for further information regarding the weights and their derivation. Additionally, users may need to weight the data prior to analysis.

Mode of Data Collection:   self-enumerated questionnaire

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires returned by mail

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2010-12-03 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files have been added. Some corresponding documentation has been updated and pre-existing data files have been replaced.

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