IFSS_ATTNDNOW: How often R attends religious services

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Summary for Variable Group: Sociodemographic characteristics

The variables in this group describe the respondent's marital status, age, racial and ethnic background, religion, attitudes, region of residence, and farm experience. In addition, the unique identifier variable is included in this group. Information related to the respondent's education is described in the "Education" variable group.


Summary for Variable Group: Religion

This variable group provides information on the respondent's current religion, its importance in her daily life, how often she attends religious services, the religion she was raised in, and her experiences in religiously affiliated schools. Information on her current husband's current religion and frequency of attendance is also included.


IFSS_ATTNDNOW

How often R attends religious services

Availability

2002 NSFG
1995 NSFG
1988 NSFG
1982 NSFG
1976 NSFG: Couple File
1973 NSFG
1970 NFS
1965 NFS
1960 GAF
1955 GAF

Source Variables

Source Questions

ATTNDNOW IC8 2002 NSFG
ATTNDNOW IB5 1995 NSFG
F_7 F7 1988 NSFG
F46 F46 1982 NSFG
F45 F45 1982 NSFG
F47 F47 1976 NSFG: Couple File
F46 F46 1976 NSFG: Couple File
REL_FREQSERV 162 1973 NSFG
REL_FREQCOMM 163 1973 NSFG
REL_FREQ_COMM 202 1970 NFS
REL_FREQ_JEW 179 1965 NFS
REL_FREQ 171/174 1965 NFS
REL_FREQ 113 1960 GAF
REL_FREQ 71 1955 GAF

Description

IFSS_ATTNDNOW measures the extent to which the respondent attended religious services at the time of interview. This variable indicates frequency of religious attendance for respondents of all religions; however, users interested in religious service attendance by religion (e.g., Catholicism, Judaism) may wish to consult the original study variables.

General Comparability Notes

Summary: This variable is largely comparable across all ten surveys, with substantial differences in response options, question text, and respondent universe. In 1970, IFSS_ATTNDNOW is only defined for Catholic respondents and refers to frequency of communion. Users should exercise caution comparing IFSS_ATTNDNOW across years.

The harmonized universe includes all respondents in 1955, 1960, 1995, and 2002, and all respondents who identify with a religion in 1965, 1973, 1976, 1982, and 1988. In 1970, the universe only includes Catholic respondents; non-Catholic respondents were not asked about religious attendance in 1970. In 1965, 1973, 1976, and 1982, respondents were asked different questions depending on the religion they identified with, but the harmonized universe includes all respondents who identify with a religion.

Question text and scope changed over time. Some years ask about attendance at religious services, others about receiving Communion. To maximize comparability across years, we harmonize information on attendance at religious services when it is available, and on receipt of Communion when it is not. Thus, IFSS_ATTNDNOW refers to attendance at religious services generally in 1955, 1960, 1965, 1988, 1995, and 2002. It also refers to attendance at religious services for non-Catholic respondents in 1973, 1976, and 1982. It refers to receipt of Communion for Catholic respondents in 1970, 1973, 1976, and 1982.

In the 1988, 1995, and 2002 National Surveys of Family Growth, and the 1960 Growth of American Families survey, respondents were asked: "About how often do you usually attend religious services?" In the 1973, 1976, and 1982 NSFGs, Catholic respondents were asked: "How often do you receive Communion?" Non-Catholic respondents were asked the same question as is 1988, 1995, and 2002. In the 1970 National Fertility Survey, only Catholic respondents were asked: "How often do you receive Communion?" Non-Catholic respondents were not asked about their religious attendance. In the 1965 NFS, respondents were asked "How often do you attend religious services/Mass?" Jewish respondents were asked the same question, but separately. Catholic respondents were also asked how often they received Communion, but that is not harmonized here. In the 1955 GAF, respondents were asked: "Would you say you go to church regularly, often, seldom, or never?"

Response options vary over time. In the 1995 and 2002 NSFGs, all response options are coded as is ("More than once a week; Once a week; 1-3 times per month; Less than once a month; [and] Never").

In the 1988 NSFG, "Once a week or more" is harmonized as "Once a week;" "Once a month or more but less than once a week" is harmonized as "1-3 times a month." "Less than once a month" and "Never" are harmonized as is.

In the 1976 and 1982 NSFGs, the responses "More than once a week; Once a week; Once a month; [and] Never" are harmonized as is. "2 or 3 times a month" is harmonized as "1-3 times a month;" "Several times a year" is harmonized as "Less than once a month;" and "Once a year or less" is harmonized is "Once a year."

In the 1973 NSFG, the responses "More than once a week; Once a week; Once a month; [and] Less than once a year" are coded as is. "Once a week or more" is harmonized as "Once a week;" "2 or 3 times a month is harmonized as "1-3 times a month;" "Several times a year" is harmonized as "Less than once a month;" and "About once a year" is harmonized as "Once a year." Notably, only Catholics could choose "More than once a week" or "Once a week;" non-Catholic respondents only had the option of "Once a week or more."

In the 1965 and 1970 NFSs, the responses "Once a week; Once a month; [and] Never" are coded as is. "Several times a week" is coded as "More than once a week;" "2-3 times a month" is coded as "1-3 times a month;" "A few times a year" is coded as "Less than once a month;" "Once a year" (in 1965) and "Once a year or less" (in 1970) are both coded as "Once a year."

In the 1960 GAF, the responses "Once a month; Once a year; Less than once a year; [and] Never" are coded as is. "Once a week or more" is coded as "Once a week;" "2 or 3 times a month" is coded as "1-3 times a month;" and "A few times a year" is coded as "Less than once a month."

In the 1955 GAF, "Regularly" is coded as "Once a week;" "Often (once a month)" is coded as "Once a month;" "Seldom" is coded as "Less than once a month;" and "Never" is coded as is.

Not ascertained, refused, and don't know responses are imputed and flagged accordingly.

See also:
IFSS_RELCURR
IFSS_RELDLIFE
IFSS_RELRAISD
IFSS_RELSCH

Imputation Flag Exists

Imputation Flag Values
-1 Illogical value
0 Not imputed
1 Imputed in original study
2 Logically imputed
3 Month imputed (Original file edit)
4 Age known, month imputed
5 Originally imputed as June, recoded to random month
6 Month imputed
7 Multiple regression imputed: Not ascertained
8 Multiple regression imputed: Refused
9 Multiple regression imputed: Don't know
10 Midpoint of a given range
11 Answer comes from a follow-up question
12 Midpoint of a range given as a follow-up
13 Answer is rounded up
14 Answer is rounded down
15 Reported months and weeks, weeks<=4
16 Reported months=trunc(weeks/4.35)
17 Reported months=weeks & weeks>4
18 Reported months!=trunc(weeks/4.35), months!=weeks, weeks>4
19 Months coded NA/RF/DK
20 Weeks coded NA/RF/DK
21 Impossible to determine which method used last

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