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Collective Memory in Lithuania, 1989 (ICPSR 9960)

Principal Investigator(s): Schuman, Howard; Gaidys, Vladas


These data are part of a larger survey conducted by the Public Opinion Research Center of the Institute of Philosophy, Sociology, and Law, Lithuanian Academy of Sciences. Those surveyed were asked to answer two open-ended questions, previously used in the United States in 1985 (INTERSECTION OF PERSONAL AND NATIONAL HISTORY, 1985: [UNITED STATES] [ICPSR 9257]), that elicited responses on which national and world events or changes occurring during the past 60 years were especially important to the respondent. Respondents whose mother tongue was Lithuanian were given the questionnaire in the Lithuanian language. Others, mainly Russians, were given the questionnaire in Russian. Demographic data include ethnic identity, age, education, and gender.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Schuman, Howard, and Vladas Gaidys. Collective Memory in Lithuania, 1989. ICPSR09960-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-07-21. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09960.v3

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09960.v3

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (1-R01-A908951)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    opinions, political change, political history, social change, social history, twentieth century

Geographic Coverage:    Lithuania, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1989

Date of Collection:   

  • 1989-09-30--1989-10-06

Universe:    All registered voters 18 years of age and older living in Lithuania, with the exception of those in hospitals or in the military.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    The sample was drawn by first stratifying the entire republic into six regions, and adding strata for the eight largest cities and for "health resorts." The sample size obtained from each stratum was proportionate to its size. Within strata, electoral constituencies were selected using systematic random sampling.

Data Source:

personal interviews, and self-enumerated questionnaires

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:   1993-05-13

Version History:

  • 2009-07-21 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.



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