National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Criminal Victimization Among Women in Cleveland, Ohio: Impact on Health Status and Medical Service Usage, 1986 (ICPSR 9920)
Principal Investigator(s): Koss, Mary P., University of Arizona
The impact of criminal victimization on the health status of women is the focus of this data collection. The researchers examined the extent to which victimized women differed from nonvictimized women in terms of their physical and psychological well-being and differences in their use of medical services. The sample was drawn from female members of a health maintenance plan at a worksite in Cleveland, Ohio. Questions used to measure criminal victimization were taken from the National Crime Survey and focused on purse snatching, home burglary, attempted robbery, robbery with force, threatened assault, and assault. In addition, specific questions concerning rape and attempted rape were developed for the study. Health status was assessed by using a number of instruments, including the Cornell Medical Index, the Mental Health Index, and the RAND Corporation test battery for their Health Insurance Experiment. Medical service usage was assessed by reference to medical records. Demographic information includes age, race, income, and education.
These data are available to the general public.
Koss, Mary P. CRIMINAL VICTIMIZATION AMONG WOMEN IN CLEVELAND, OHIO: IMPACT ON HEALTH STATUS AND MEDICAL SERVICE USAGE, 1986. Tucson, AZ: Mary P. Koss [producer] 1986. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1993. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09920.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09920.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-0038)
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: Individuals.
Universe: Adult women who were members of a health maintenance plan at a worksite in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1986.
Data Types: survey data, and event/transaction data
Data Collection Notes:
SPSS program files, which create new variables and perform statistical calculations, are available.
Study Purpose: Crime is a major source of stress for its victims. To the extent that stress is linked to illness, criminal victimization may be associated with medical service usage. This study was conducted to explore the impact of criminal victimization on the psychological and physical well-being of women. Women were the focus of the study in order to examine the disproportionate effects of interpersonal violence. The study was conducted at a worksite in Cleveland, Ohio. In order to increase the availability of complete medical histories, participants were members of a worksite health maintenance plan. Plan members were randomly selected and contacted by telephone or mail to arrange interviews.
Study Design: The study was conducted at a single worksite in Cleveland, Ohio. To increase the availability of medical histories, respondents were members of a worksite health maintenance plan. Data consist of self-assessments of physical and psychological health conducted in personal interviews and objective data collected from medical records. To assure confidentiality, interviewers were not employees of the health maintenance plan. Interviewers received instruction in the interview protocol. The survey was developed using the "Total Design Method" in order to maximize response rates.
Sample: Two sampling methods were used. Approximately 20 percent of the female members of the health maintenance plan were contacted by telephone. This resulted in 194 completed personal interviews. To augment the number of victimized women included in the sample, screening surveys were sent to all women health plan members, resulting in another 219 completed interviews.
personal interviews, and medical records
Description of Variables: Interviews covered the extent to which women were victimized by crime and their usage of medical services. Questions used to measure criminal victimization were taken from the National Crime Survey and focused on purse snatching, home burglary, attempted robbery, robbery with force, threatened assault, and assault. In addition, specific questions concerning rape and attempted rape were developed for the study. Health status was assessed by using a number of instruments, including the Cornell Medical Index, the Mental Health Index, and the RAND Corporation test battery for their Health Insurance Experiment. Medical service usage was assessed by reference to medical records.
Response Rates: For individuals contacted by telephone: 19 percent resulting in 194 interviews, including both victims and nonvictims of crime. For individuals contacted by mail: 45 percent resulting in 219 additional victims of crime. The two contact methods yielded 413 interviews with complete data available for 390 of them.
Presence of Common Scales: None.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
Original ICPSR Release: 1994-01-04
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
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