This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

National Material Capabilities Data, 1816-1985 (ICPSR 9903)

Principal Investigator(s): Singer, J. David; Small, Melvin


This collection contains demographic, military, and industrial indicators for each international system member for the years 1816-1985. There are two identification variables and seven substantive variables, which include urban and total populations, military expenditure, military personnel, iron and steel production, and energy consumption. Each system member is also coded as a major or minor power for each year.

Series: Correlates of War Project Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  Raw Data - Download All Files (0.732 MB)
DS2:  SPSS Export File for Raw Data - Download All Files (0.293 MB)

Study Description


Singer, J. David, and Melvin Small. NATIONAL MATERIAL CAPABILITIES DATA, 1816-1985. Ann Arbor, MI: J. David Singer, University of Michigan, and Detroit, MI: Melvin Small, Wayne State University [producers], 1990. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1993. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09903.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09903.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    armed forces, demographic characteristics, international development, industrial indicators, military expenditures, nineteenth century, population characteristics, twentieth century

Geographic Coverage:    Global

Time Period:   

  • 1816--1985

Date of Collection:   

  • 1990-07

Universe:    All countries in the world.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

Column 13 of every record in the data file contains the numeral 3. This variable is not described in the codebook.



Original ICPSR Release:   1993-04-09

Related Publications


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics