This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1989-1990: Reports on Financial Activity (RFA) Data (ICPSR 9828)

Principal Investigator(s): Federal Election Commission


These data offer information on the campaigns of all individuals who registered under the Federal Election Campaign Act as 1989 or 1990 candidates for the United States Senate or House of Representatives. Also included are some individuals who were certified by the appropriate state authorities as official Senate or House candidates in a 1989 or 1990 primary, runoff, or general election but who had not registered with the Federal Election Commission. Information is provided on the filer's gross receipts, disbursements, debts, and cash on hand. Information on particular party and non-party committee support of candidates is included as well. The congressional campaign data contain variables on candidate's name, incumbency status, party affiliation, receipts, disbursements, contributions from the candidate, loans, debts, aggregate contributions by amount and source, and independent expenditures for and against the candidate. The party and nonparty political committee data contain summary information for committees including the committee name, special interest group classification, receipts, cash and in-kind contributions, and total expenditures for or against House and Senate candidates.

Series: Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  House and Senate Spread Data - Download All Files (0.892 MB)
DS2:  House and Senate Crosstabs Data - Download All Files (13.684 MB)
DS3:  Party Committee Spread Data - Download All Files (0.392 MB)
DS4:  Party Committee Crosstabs Data - Download All Files (0.385 MB)
DS5:  Nonparty Committee Spread Data - Download All Files (2.291 MB)
DS6:  Nonparty Committee Crosstabs Data - Download All Files (14.479 MB)

Study Description


Federal Election Commission. CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1989-1990: REPORTS ON FINANCIAL ACTIVITY (RFA) DATA. Washington, DC: Federal Election Commission [producer], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09828.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09828.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, campaign contributions, campaign expenditures, campaign finance law, campaign funds, congressional elections (US House), congressional elections (US Senate), legislators, political elites, political organizations, political parties, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1989--1990

Date of Collection:   

  • 1991

Universe:    All campaigns and political party committees associated with United States Congressional elections in 1989 and 1990.

Data Type(s):    event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

For each of the three main types of data in this collection-- House/Senate, party political committee, and nonparty political committee--there are two types of data files. The "spread" file contains one record for each campaign (House/Senate file) or committee (committee files). The "crosstabs" file contains one or more records per campaign or committee. For each candidate/filer or committee/candidate combination, there is a separate record that summarizes information about contributions and expenditures for or against a candidate. Amendments submitted by candidates, filers, and party or nonparty political committees after August 4, 1991, are not included in these files.


Data Source:

official candidate and political party committee financial reports filed with the Federal Election Commission


Original ICPSR Release:   1992-10-31

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

Related Publications


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics