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CBS News/New York Times Overnight Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Survey, August 20, 1991 (ICPSR 9804)

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This survey focused on the Soviet Union. Respondents were asked whether they approved of the way President George Bush was dealing with the current situation in the the Soviet Union, whether the United States should try harder to reduce tensions with the Soviets, what their opinion was of Mikhail Gorbachev, how important it was to the interests of the United States that Gorbachev be in power, whether President Bush offered enough encouragement and support of the changes Gorbachev initiated in the Soviet Union, and whether Gorbachev would still be in power if the United States had given more support to his changes. Respondents were also asked about the likelihood of nuclear war within the next ten years, how closely they had followed the news about the situation in the Soviet Union, what their opinion was of Boris Yeltsin, and whether the new leaders of the Soviet Union would live up to arms control agreements, try to regain control over Eastern Europe, reverse the trend toward democracy inside the Soviet Union, escalate the Cold War, or cause a civil war inside the Soviet Union. Additional questions included whether Gorbachev's attempts to restructure the Soviet economy were a success, whether the Soviet Union should be given the same privileges in international trade as other friendly nations, whether the new leaders who had taken power in the Soviet Union were likely to retain control of the government, whether the United States should take action to help restore Gorbachev to power, and if most people in the Soviet Union would prefer living in a democracy.

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Dataset(s)

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Data:

Study Description

Citation

CBS News, and The New York Times. CBS News/New York Times Overnight Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Survey, August 20, 1991. ICPSR09804-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09804.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   arms control, Bush, George H.W., civil wars, Cold War, democracy, economic reform, Gorbachev, Mikhail, international trade, leadership, nuclear war, political change, political power, presidential performance, public opinion, Yeltsin, Boris

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1991-08-20

Date of Collection:  

  • 1991-08-20

Universe:   Adult population of the United States aged 18 and over living in households with telephones.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

A weight variable has been included that must be used in any analysis. Telephone exchanges have been recoded to "999" for reasons of confidentiality.

Methodology

Sample:   A variation of random digit dialing using primary sampling units (PSUs) was employed, consisting of blocks of 100 telephone numbers identical through the eighth digit and stratified by geographic region, area code, and size of place. Within households, respondents were selected using a method developed by Leslie Kish and modified by Charles Backstrom and Gerald Hursh (see Backstrom and Hursh, SURVEY RESEARCH [Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1963]).

Data Source:

telephone interviews

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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