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International Social Science Program: Work Orientations, 1989 (ICPSR 9784) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):


The International Social Science Survey Program (ISSP) is an ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Formed in 1983, the group develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. The "Work Orientations" module includes data from Austria, Great Britain, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Norway, Northern Ireland, the Netherlands, United States, and West Germany. The module covers three main topics: (1) general attitudes to work and leisure (e.g., work vs. leisure time, the work ethic and commitment to work, the role of work in creating feelings of personal worth, and the alienating effects of not having work), (2) work organization (e.g., attitudes about self-employment, public vs. private sector work, full-time vs. part-time, job sharing, profit sharing, large vs. small workplaces, and attitudes toward getting ahead), and (3) work content, including collective interests and second jobs (e.g., characteristics or qualities of work, unions, employers, and managers, collective interests organized around work, and information about second jobs including reasons why second jobs were held).

Access Notes

Study Description


International Social Survey Program (ISSP). International Social Science Program: Work Orientations, 1989. ICPSR09784-v1. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 1992. doi:10.3886/ICPSR09784.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   attitudes, comparable worth, employment, job satisfaction, job security, job stress, leisure, public opinion, technological change, wages and salaries, work, work attitudes, work environment, working hours

Geographic Coverage:   Austria, Germany, Global, Great Britain, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Norway, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1989

Date of Collection:  

  • 1989

Universe:   Persons aged 18 years and older from West Germany, Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Austria (14 years and older), Norway, Hungary, the Netherlands (16 years and older), United States (noninstitutionalized English-speaking only), and Italy (the Italian population).

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data were made available through the Zentralarchiv fuer empirische Sozialforschung, Universitaet zu Koeln, from whom additional copies of the printed codebook (ZA-NO. 1840) may be obtained. Records for Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Austria, and Norway have a weight variable that must be used in all analyses. No weighting was done for West Germany, the United States, the Netherlands, and Italy. No weighting information was provided by Hungary.


Sample:   Multistage stratified probability samples.

Data Source:

self-administered questionnaires

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


Original ICPSR Release:  

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