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Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1989-1990: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Data (ICPSR 9775)

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

These data are made available by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and are taken directly from campaign finance reports filed by candidates, political committees, and others required to file under the federal election laws. The files are essentially copies of the FEC's on-line computer files for the 1989-1990 election cycle. The Candidate Master Data file (Part 1) contains a record for each registered candidate for federal office. It includes the candidate's name, address, party affiliation, incumbent/challenger status, identification number of the principal campaign committee, office sought, and election year. The Committee Master Data file (Part 2) contains a record for each registered committee for federal office. Information provided includes the committee's identification number, name, address, treasurer's name, committee designation and type, party affiliation, report filing frequency, special interest group category and connected organization's name, and multicandidate committee status. The Itemized Individual Contribution File (Part 3) contains a record for each candidate and his or her committee, other political committees, and persons making independent expenditures. Itemized receipt and disbursement information presented in the file includes the filer identification number, amendment and primary-general indicators, report and transaction types, address, occupation, transaction date, and transaction amount. The Itemized PAC Contribution File (Part 4) contains one record for each type of contributor for each reporting period. Information included in this file covers the type and year of the report, the time period covered by the report, total contributions, net contributions, total contribution refunds, net operating expenditures, cash on hand, debts and obligations owed by and to the committee, contributions from individuals, and loans made or guaranteed by the candidate. The Detailed Report File (Part 5) contains one record for each separate reporting period for each FEC committee and, as such, is the source for longitudinal information about committee financial activity during the 1989-1990 election cycle. Information presented in the file includes the political committee identification number, the report year and type, the time period covered by the report, total receipts and disbursements, beginning and ending cash balances, debts owed by and to the committee, individual, political, and candidate contributions, transfers from affiliated committees, loans received and payments made, and refunds.

Series: Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Candidate Master Data - Download All Files (8.9 MB)
Data:
DS2:  Committee Master Data - Download All Files (10.8 MB)
Data:
DS3:  Itemized Individual Contribution File - Download All Files (86.4 MB)
Data:
DS4:  Itemized PAC Contribution File - Download All Files (19.9 MB)
Data:
DS5:  Detailed Report File - Download All Files (18.8 MB)
Data:

Study Description

Citation

Federal Election Commission. CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1989-1990: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) DATA. 2nd ICPSR release. Washington, DC: Federal Election Commission [producer], 1992. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09775.v2

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   candidates, campaign contributions, campaign expenditures, campaign finance law, campaign funds, congressional elections (US House), congressional elections (US Senate), legislators, political elites, political organizations, political parties, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1989-01-01--1990-12-31

Date of Collection:  

  • 1989-01-01--1990-11-30

Universe:   Part 1: All candidates for federal office registered with the FEC under the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). Parts 2 and 4: All political committees, unauthorized delegate filers, independent expenditure filers, and communications cost filers registered. Part 3: All candidates and their committees, other political committees, and persons making independent expenditures. Part 5: All transactions and reports occurring during the 1989-1990 election cycle.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

The Candidate and Committee Master Data files (Parts 1 and 2) are FEC reference files and are needed to find the name of each committee or candidate associated with the identification numbers that appear in Part 5 (Detailed Report Data).

Methodology

Data Source:

self-enumerated forms

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB9775.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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