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Adaptation Process of Cuban (Mariel) and Haitian Refugees in South Florida, 1983-1987 (ICPSR 9750)

Principal Investigator(s):


This survey was designed to examine economic, social, and psychological adaptation of Cuban and Haitian refugees to American society. Cuban (those arriving from the port of Mariel) or Haitian immigrants aged 18 to 60 who arrived in the United States in 1980 or after and settled in designated areas in South Florida were interviewed in 1983 and 1984, with a follow-up interview being conducted in 1986 and 1987. The first interview elicited background information on the two refugee samples and established baseline data on their situations and attitudes shortly after their arrival in the United States. The follow-up interview was designed to gauge changes in respondents' socioeconomic situations, social relations, ethnic identities, and attitudes. Major demographic variables include marital status, number of children, education, present and prior occupations, date and community of birth, prior residency in the United States, and religious practices. Respondents were also asked about their reasons for coming to the United States, plans to change residency, perceptions of discrimination in the United States, and aspirations concerning future occupations, salary, education, and opportunities to reach their goals. The follow-up interview expanded upon or recorded changes in these areas and also added items on perception of problems in the United States, ethnicity of social relationships and neighborhood, satisfaction with living in the United States, plans to return to their homeland, languages spoken, read, and listened to, whether residence was owned or rented, and whether the respondent had become a United States citizen.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Cuban Data File - Download All Files (11.8 MB)
DS2:  Haitian Data File - Download All Files (11.7 MB)
DS3:  Cuban Data: SPSS Export File - Download All Files (9.3 MB)
DS4:  Haitian Data: SPSS Export File - Download All Files (9.3 MB)

Study Description


Portes, Alejandro. Adaptation Process of Cuban (Mariel) and Haitian Refugees in South Florida, 1983-1987. ICPSR09750-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09750.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-8215567)
  • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   acculturation, cultural identity, cultural perceptions, demographic characteristics, population migration, refugees, social adjustment, socioeconomic status

Geographic Coverage:   Florida, Fort Lauderdale, Hialeah, Miami, Miami Beach, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1983--1987

Universe:   Cuban immigrants (those arriving from the port city of Mariel) aged 18 to 60 who arrived in the United States in 1980 or after, living in households in the Florida cities of Miami, Miami Beach, Hialeah, and unincorporated Dade County divisions, and Haitian immigrants aged 18 to 60 who arrived in the United States in 1980 or after, living in households in the Florida cities of Miami and Fort Lauderdale and the town of Belle Glade.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook for this collection is in Spanish.

The codebook and data collection instrument are provided in a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.


Sample:   Stratified multistage area samples.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB9750.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
  • 1997-12-19 The multi-part data definition statements have been consolidated into single SAS and SPSS data definition statements files for each data file and the documentation was converted to a PDF file.

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