National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Retail-Level Heroin Enforcement and Property Crime in 30 Cities in Massachusetts, 1980-1986 (ICPSR 9667)

Principal Investigator(s):


In undertaking this data collection, the principal investigators sought to determine (1) whether police enforcement against drug crimes, specifically heroin crimes, had any influence on the rates of nondrug crimes, and (2) what effect intensive law enforcement programs against drug dealers had on residents where those programs were operating. To achieve these objectives, data on crime rates for seven successive years were collected from police records of 30 cities in Massachusetts. Data were collected for the following offenses: murder, rape, robbery, assault, larceny, and automobile theft. The investigators also interviewed a sample of residents from 3 of those 30 cities. Residents were queried about their opinions of the most serious problem facing people today, their degree of concern about being victims of crime, and their opinions of the effectiveness of law enforcement agencies in handling drug problems.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Crime Data - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
DS2:  Lynn Survey Data - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
DS3:  Framingham Survey Data - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
DS4:  Lawrence Survey Data - Download All Files (0.4 MB)

Study Description


Kleiman, Mark A.R., and Christopher E. Putala. Retail-Level Heroin Enforcement and Property Crime in 30 Cities in Massachusetts, 1980-1986. ICPSR09667-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1998.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-0027)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   assault, auto theft, citizen attitudes, crime control, crime rates, drug law enforcement, drug law offenses, drug related crimes, drug traffic, larceny, law enforcement agencies, murder, rape, robbery

Geographic Coverage:   Massachusetts, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1980--1986

Date of Collection:  

  • 1985-07--1987-12

Universe:   Part 1: Thirty cities in Massachusetts during 1980-1986. Parts 2-4: All residents in Massachusetts during 1986.

Data Types:   administrative records data, survey data


Sample:   A stratified random sample was used in Parts 2-4.

Data Source:

official police records and telephone interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB9667.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
  • 1998-09-17 SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for this collection. Also, missing data codes have been standardized, and data and documentation have been reformatted. In addition, the codebook and data collection instrument are now available as a PDF file.

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