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Activities and Maintenance Strategies of Interest Groups in the United States, 1980 and 1985 (ICPSR 9601)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection was designed to study the organization and maintenance strategies of voluntary membership organizations with offices in Washington, D.C. Major areas of investigation include how groups overcome funding hurdles when first created, benefits provided to entice members to join a group, types of lobbying efforts engaged in, and characteristics of the organization's membership and structure.

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  1980 Data - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
DS2:  1985 Data - Download All Files (0.8 MB)
DS3:  Panel Data - Download All Files (0.8 MB)

Study Description


Walker, Jack L. Jr. Activities and Maintenance Strategies of Interest Groups in the United States, 1980 and 1985. ICPSR09601-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1991. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09601.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation
  • Guggenheim Foundation
  • Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
  • Earhart Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   associations, funding, interest groups, lobbying, memberships, organizational behavior, organizations

Geographic Coverage:   Washington, DC

Universe:   Voluntary membership organizations listed in the Congressional Quarterly's WASHINGTON INFORMATION DIRECTORY, 1979, 1984, supplemented with groups in the ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ASSOCIATIONS.

Data Types:   survey data


Sample:   Census, mail survey. A complete description of the sampling design and methodology can be found in Walker, Jack L., Jr. MOBILIZING INTEREST GROUPS IN AMERICA. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1991.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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