National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Effects of Local Sanctions on Serious Criminal Offending in Cities with Populations Over 100,000, 1978-1983: [United States] (ICPSR 9590)
Principal Investigator(s): Sampson, Robert J.
These data assess the effects of the risk of local jail incarceration and of police aggressiveness in patrol style on rates of violent offending. The collection includes arrest rates for public order offenses, size of county jail populations, and numbers of new prison admissions as they relate to arrest rates for index (serious) crimes. Data were collected from seven sources for each city. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: SUMMARY TAPE FILE 1A (ICPSR 7941), provided county-level data on number of persons by race, age, and age by race, number of persons in households, and types of households within each county. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: SUMMARY TAPE FILE 3A (ICPSR 8071), measured at the city level, provided data on total population, race, age, marital status by sex, persons in household, number of households, housing, children, and families above and below the poverty level by race, employment by race, and income by race within each city. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 1980 data provided variables on total offenses and offense rates per 100,000 persons for homicides, rapes, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, motor vehicle offenses, and arson. Data from the FBI for 1980-1982, averaged per 100,000, provided variables for the above offenses by sex, age, and race, and the Uniform Crime Report arrest rates for index crimes within each city. The NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS for 1978 and 1983 (ICPSR 7737 and ICPSR 8203), aggregated to the county level, provided variables on jail capacity, number of inmates being held by sex, race, and status of inmate's case (awaiting trial, awaiting sentence, serving sentence, and technical violations), average daily jail populations, number of staff by full-time and part-time, number of volunteers, and number of correctional officers. The JUVENILE DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITY CENSUS for 1979 and 1982-1983 (ICPSR 7846 and 8205), aggregated to the county level, provided data on the number of individuals being held by type of crime and sex, as well as age of juvenile offenders by sex, average daily prison population, and payroll and other expenditures for the institutions.
These data are freely available.
Sampson, Robert R. EFFECTS OF LOCAL SANCTIONS ON SERIOUS CRIMINAL OFFENDING IN CITIES WITH POPULATIONS OVER 100,000, 1978-1983: [UNITED STATES]. 2nd ICPSR version. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Dept. of Sociology [producer], 1990. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997. doi:10.3886/ICPSR09590.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09590.v2
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0060)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: aggravated assault, arrest rates, arson, auto theft, burglary, cities, demographic characteristics, homicide, inmate populations, jail inmates, jails, larceny, rape, Uniform Crime Reports
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Cities in the United States with populations over 100,000.
Data Types: aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) The data and codebook were originally prepared and distributed by Sociometrics Corporation, Los Altos, CA, under contract with the National Institute of Justice. (2) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.
(1) United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: SUMMARY TAPE FILE 1A (ICPSR 7941), (2) United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: SUMMARY TAPE FILE 3A (ICPSR 8071), (3) United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS, 1978 (ICPSR 7737), (4) United States Bureau of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS, 1983 (ICPSR 8203), (5) United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. JUVENILE DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITY CENSUS, 1979 (ICPSR 7846), (6) United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. JUVENILE DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITY CENSUS, 1982-1983 (ICPSR 8208), (7) unpublished FBI records from 1980-1982 on crime rates
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
Original ICPSR Release: 1991-10-23
- 1998-02-23 The data were converted from card image to logical record length format. SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for the dataset, and the documentation is provided as a PDF file.
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