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CBS News/New York Times Panama Poll, January 1990 (ICPSR 9496)

Principal Investigator(s): CBS News; The New York Times


This data collection is a national survey of Panamanians undertaken following the United States' invasion to remove General Manuel Noriega from power. Respondents were asked if they approved of the United States' sending troops to remove Noriega from power, how long those troops would and should remain in Panama, if those troops used an appropriate amount of force, and if troops were sent only to protect United States interests. Additional questions focused on General Noriega and whether he should have been allowed to stay under Vatican protection, whether he should be put on trial (and if so, where he should be tried), whether he should be allowed to go into exile and take his assets with him, and whether General Noriega had been a good influence overall on Panama. Other topics covered include the future of democracy in Panama, allowing PDF members into the New Security Force, the Torrijos-Carter treaties regarding the Panama Canal, and opinions of various political leaders. Background information on respondents includes last presidential vote, family employment status, age, income, sex, education, race, and information on any personal losses suffered due to the invasion.

Series: CBS News/New York Times Poll Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (0.651 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


CBS News, and The New York Times. CBS News/New York Times Panama Poll, January 1990. ICPSR09496-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-06-24. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09496.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09496.v2

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    foreign relations, military intervention, Noriega, Manuel, public approval, public opinion

Geographic Coverage:    Panama, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1990-01-02--1990-01-04

Date of Collection:   

  • 1990-01-02--1990-01-04

Universe:    Adults aged 18 and over in Panama.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This file contains a weight variable that must be used in any analysis. The data contain blanks.


Sample:    Stratified random digit dialing.

Data Source:

telephone interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:   1991-07-18

Version History:

  • 2011-06-24 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.



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