National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
This data collection tabulates the number of persons convicted of felonies in state courts and describes the sentences these individuals received. Data were collected from state courts and state prosecutors in 100 counties of the United States. The collection contains sociodemographic information such as age, race, and sex of the felon. Types of offenses committed include homicide, rape, and robbery. Adjudication variables referring to the process between arrest and sentencing are also a part of this dataset. Data can be analyzed on a national level or by the individual counties.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. Authentication is required to apply for access.
Access to one or more files in this study is restricted. Users interesting in obtaining these data must complete and sign a Restricted Data Use Agreement, describe the research project and data protection plan, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. National Judicial Reporting Program, 1988. ICPSR09449-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-12-07. doi:10.3886/ICPSR09449.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09449.v2
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: arrests, assault, auto theft, burglary, case processing, convictions (law), counties, demographic characteristics, drug law offenses, felony courts, felony offenses, homicide, larceny, manslaughter, murder, rape, robbery, sentencing, state courts
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Sentenced felons in the United States.
Data Types: event/transaction data
Data Collection Notes:
Users wishing to reconstruct figures in the Bureau of Justice Statistics report based on these data will need to use UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM DATA [UNITED STATES]: DETAILED ARREST AND OFFENSE DATA FOR 321 COUNTIES, 1988 (ICPSR 9470).
Conducted by United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Sample: A two-stage stratified cluster sampling design was employed. At the first stage, 300 counties were selected from the 3,109 total counties in the nation. At the second stage, a systematic sample of felons sentenced for murder/nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, felony larceny/motor vehicle theft, drug trafficking, and other offenses was selected from each county's official records.
official court records
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1991-05-03
- 2012-12-07 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
- 1997-05-16 Minor corrections were made to the codebook for this collection.
Related Publications (?)
- Citations exports are provided above.
Export Study-level metadata (does not include variable-level metadata)
If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.