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State Samples from the 1880 Census of Manufacturing (ICPSR 9384)
Principal Investigator(s): Atack, Jeremy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Bateman, Fred, Indiana University
This collection contains information from the 1880 Census of Manufacturing for 36 states and the District of Columbia. It was originally collected to paint a quantitative picture of industrialization in the United States and to complement a similar data collection of STATE SAMPLES FROM THE CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING: 1850, 1860, AND 1870 (ICPSR 4071). The data describe states and counties in terms of urban or rural, amount of capital invested, and numbers of male, female, and child workers employed. Additional information includes daily wage for skilled and unskilled labor, annual wage bill, hours in ordinary day's labor, number of waterwheels and steam engines, and horsepower by water or steam.
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Atack, Jeremy, and Fred Bateman. STATE SAMPLES FROM THE 1880 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING. 2nd ICPSR version. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois/Bloomington, IN: Indiana University [producers], 2004. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2004. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09384.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09384.v2
This study was funded by:
- National Science Foundation (SES-86-05637, and SES-86-09392)
Scope of Study
Smallest Geographic Unit: city
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: establishment/plant
Universe: States and territories in the United States for which records were extant.
Data Types: aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) Individual states should be analyzed separately. For aggregations, use the data available as NATIONAL SAMPLE FROM THE 1880 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING (ICPSR 9385). (2) State data for other nineteenth century censuses are available as STATE SAMPLES FROM THE CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING: 1850, 1860, AND 1870 (ICPSR 4071). (3) National data for other nineteenth century census are available as NATIONAL SAMPLES FROM THE CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING: 1850, 1860, AND 1870 (ICPSR 4048). (4) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
Sample: Random samples from the U.S. Census.
Bureau of the Census documents
Original ICPSR Release: 1990-12-04
- 2004-11-05 The data and documentation were updated by Jeremy Atack and resupplied to ICPSR in 2004. The state data are now available in one data file and the documentation has been converted to PDF. The study title has been changed from "STATE SAMPLE" to "STATE SAMPLES" by request of the principal investigator.
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