National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Concerns of Police Survivors, 1986: [United States] (ICPSR 9327)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection was designed to assess the impact of line-of-duty deaths of law enforcement officers on their family members in terms of the psychological, emotional, and financial effects. To assess the impact of the traumatic event, a wide variety of clinical and psychiatric measures of psychological disorder were employed. The data are stored in two files. Included in the first file are variables concerning the respondent's personal characteristics such as age, sex, ethnic origin, marital status, educational level, relationship to deceased officer, and employment. Also included are experiences and emotional reactions to the death of the officer and clinical symptoms of psychological distress. The file also offers information on the deceased officer's demographic characteristics such as age at time of death, sex, ethnic origin, educational level, number of times married, and number of years in law enforcement, as well as the date and time of the incident. The second file contains variables on the respondent's relationship with friends and relatives before and after the traumatic event, behavioral changes of survivors' children following the death, financial impacts on survivors, and satisfaction with treatment and responses received from police departments.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Survivor Demographic Information - Download All Files (1 MB)
DS2:  Survivor Relationship Information - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS4:  SAS Data Definition Statements for Survivor Demographic Information - Download All Files (0.4 MB)

DS5:  SAS Data Definition Statements for Survivor Relationship Information - Download All Files (0.3 MB)


Study Description


Stillman, Frances A. CONCERNS OF POLICE SURVIVORS, 1986: [UNITED STATES]. Conducted by Frances A. Stillman, Division of Medical Psychology, Johns Hopkins Hospital. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1994.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-0012)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   attitudes toward death, families, grief, police deaths, police officers, psychological wellbeing

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1982-11--1986-02

Date of Collection:  

  • 1986

Universe:   Surviving spouses of police officers killed between November 1982 and February 1986 in the United States.

Data Types:   survey data, and event/transaction data


Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: Data also were collected on the reactions of police department officials, but this file was not made available for archiving. For further information, contact the principal investigator directly.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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