National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Procedural Reform of Jury Murder Convictions in Georgia, 1970-1978 (ICPSR 9265)

Principal Investigator(s): Baldus, David C.; Woodworth, George; Pulaski, Charles A. Jr.


The purpose of this data collection was to assess the impact of the 1973 reforms of the death penalty laws on the levels of arbitrariness and discrimination in capital sentencing in Georgia. The data cover two different periods corresponding to the periods before and after the reform: 1970-1972 and 1973-1978. Numerous measures of defendant blameworthiness were developed as a basis for assessing levels of arbitrariness and discrimination in Georgia's capital charging and sentencing system. Specific variables include race, sex, current offense, prior conviction and arrests, method of killing, and number of victims.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS1:  Dataset - Download All Files (7.235 MB)
DS2:  SAS Control Cards - Download All Files (0.005 MB)

ASCII + SAS Setup   
DS3:  SAS Variable Names - Download All Files (0.013 MB)

ASCII + SAS Setup   
DS4:  SAS Recoded Variables - Download All Files (0.026 MB)

ASCII + SAS Setup   
DS5:  SAS Recoded Variables for Use in Statistical Analysis - Download All Files (0.124 MB)

ASCII + SAS Setup   

Study Description


Baldus, David C., George Woodworth, and Charles A. Pulaski, Jr. PROCEDURAL REFORM OF JURY MURDER CONVICTIONS IN GEORGIA, 1970-1978. 2nd ICPSR release. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa College of Law [producer], 1981. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1990.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (80-JJ-CX-0035)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    capital punishment, discrimination, sentencing, sentencing reforms

Geographic Coverage:    Georgia, United States

Universe:    All defendants convicted of murder at trial during 1973-1978, and for 1970-1972 all death cases plus life-sentence cases that resulted in a murder trial conviction in Georgia.

Data Type(s):    survey data, and event/transaction data


Sample:    Nonprobability sample for 1970-1972 and all cases (death and life sentence) convicted of murder at trial from 1973 to 1978.

Data Source:

Records of the Georgia Supreme Court, Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles, Georgia Department of Offender Rehabilitation, Georgia Bureau of Vital Statistics, and Georgia Prosecutors and Defense Attorneys


Original ICPSR Release:   1989-12-15

Related Publications


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics